Our Roots: The Boston Healing Landscape Project

The United States’ Changing Medical Landscape

Over the past forty years, the medical landscape of the U.S. has changed in radical ways. All major cities and many rural areas now include not only biomedical resources, but also culturally diverse and often religiously based approaches to healing.

In Boston, for example, Vietnamese monk shamans, Haitian mambos and oungans, Episcopalian healing services, Cuban santeros, Puerto Rican espiritistas and Pentacostal faith healers, African American root doctors, Irish charismatic priests, and Chinese herbalist-acupuncturists are all within blocks of each other, and of some of the leading biomedical teaching hospitals in the nation.

The Boston Healing Landscape Project (BHLP)

The Boston Healing Landscape Project (BHLP), originally located in the Pediatrics Department at Boston University School of Medicine (now in the Department of Family Medicine), was funded from 2001 to 2008 by the Ford Foundation.

With Boston as its field site, the BHLP has examined and documented how the therapeutic landscape of the U.S. has changed. We also study how these traditions are changing on American soil, and the ways in which their presence is transforming our understanding of religions, medicines and healing in the United States. The richly textured world of healing represents the new face of culturally and religiously grounded complementary and alternative medicine in America. It confronts the medical community with the challenge of shaping a positive response to the multiple approaches to healing being pursued by patients and their families.

To date, we have focused on the African Diaspora communities of Boston, although we have begun to map other cultural communities as well. The Boston communities of African descent include African Americans, immigrants from Haiti, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and Brazil, as well as from Nigeria, Ghana, Cameroon, Sierra Leone, Cape Verde, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, the Sudan, and other African countries. These communities are religiously diverse, representing such traditions as Catholicism, different Protestant denominations, Islam, traditional African religions, and Buddhism. Within each of these communities and traditions, new and old ways of healing are cultivated alongside biomedical care.

Multidisciplinary Collaborative Engagement

Through the collaborative engagement of religion scholars, anthropologists, sociologists, physicians, students, and community intellectuals and practitioners, we work across disciplinary boundaries toward a vision of health care that draws on the best insights of each of these groups, to transform practice.

What we have learned has been integrated into the curriculum of the Master’s Program in Medical Anthropology & Cross-Cultural Practice through the school’s Division of Graduate Medical Sciences. The MACCP also grows out of the methods that the BHLP employed in its work.

We believe that what we do represents the unprecedented introduction of a highly focused approach to the applied study of world religions into the training of medical anthropologists, advocates, and clinicians. We envision the emergence of educators and practitioners better prepared to move across boundaries, negotiate interventions and outcomes, and serve as cross-cultural interpreters enriched by each other’s insights and experience. Our data has also being disseminated to broader public arenas through this website, reports to the communities being studied, national conferences and published work.