Platelet activation plays a central role in thrombosis and hemostasis, while these processes are central to vascular health and disease. In the platelet lineage, bone marrow stem cells develop into early committed megakaryocyte progenitors, which undergo a unique cell cycle leading to polyploid cells prior to fragmenting into platelets. Our research focuses on mechanisms that regulate these processes under normal conditions vs. pathology. We proposed a new paradigm for controlling the transcription of genes uniquely expressed in this lineage, by identifying a cluster of non-tissue specific transcription factors that, together, constitute a signature uniquely driving this lineage development, among other cell lineages in the bone marrow. Studies were extended to identifying mechanisms governing polyploidy in megakaryocytes, leading also to better understanding of regulatory processes that cause polyploidy in other cells, such as aging vascular smooth muscle cells. Past projects involved molecular characterization of platelet and vascular adenosine receptors, and exploration of their roles in such cellular function. Importantly, knowledge gained by studying basic regulatory processes in healthy megakaryocytes and platelets aids our investigation of bone marrow pathologies, such as myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). The systems used include primary bone marrow cultures, as well as transgenic and knock out mouse models.
- Professor, Biochemistry, Boston University School of Medicine
- Director, Master of Science Program in Biomedical Research, Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
- Member, BU-BMC Cancer Center, Boston University
- Member, Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University
- Director, Evans Center for Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research, Boston University
- Graduate Faculty (Primary Mentor of Grad Students), Boston University School of Medicine, Graduate Medical Sciences
- Member, Genome Science Institute, Boston University
- BU Profile
- Ravid Lab
- Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute Training Program
- Sargent Colege Faculty
- Biology Faculty
- Hariri Institute for Computing and Computational Science & Engineering
- BU Nanotechnology Innovation Center (BUnano)
- President, Massachusetts Academy of Sciences
- Director, BU Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Office
- Director, Evans Center for Interdiciplinary Biomedical Research
- Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, PhD
- Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, DSc
- Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, BSc
- Published on 6/18/2020
Matsuura S, Thompson CR, Ng SK, Ward CM, Karagianni A, Mazzeo C, Malara A, Balduini A, Ravid K. Adhesion to fibronectin via a5ß1 integrin supports expansion of the megakaryocyte lineage in primary myelofibrosis. Blood. 2020 Jun 18; 135(25):2286-2291. PMID: 32294178.
- Published on 4/6/2020
Ward CM, Ravid K. Matrix Mechanosensation in the Erythroid and Megakaryocytic Lineages. Cells. 2020 Apr 06; 9(4). PMID: 32268541.
- Published on 12/26/2019
Belghasem M, Roth D, Richards S, Napolene MA, Walker J, Yin W, Arinze N, Lyle C, Spencer C, Francis JM, Thompson C, Andry C, Whelan SA, Lee N, Ravid K, Chitalia VC. Metabolites in a mouse cancer model enhance venous thrombogenicity through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-tissue factor axis. Blood. 2019 12 26; 134(26):2399-2413. PMID: 31877217.
- Published on 10/30/2019
Walker JA, Richards S, Belghasem ME, Arinze N, Yoo SB, Tashjian JY, Whelan SA, Lee N, Kolachalama VB, Francis J, Ravid K, Sherr D, Chitalia VC. Temporal and tissue-specific activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor in discrete mouse models of kidney disease. Kidney Int. 2020 Mar; 97(3):538-550. PMID: 31932072.
- Published on 10/21/2019
Leiva O, Ng SK, Matsuura S, Chitalia V, Lucero H, Findlay A, Turner C, Jarolimek W, Ravid K. Novel lysyl oxidase inhibitors attenuate hallmarks of primary myelofibrosis in mice. Int J Hematol. 2019 Dec; 110(6):699-708. PMID: 31637674.
- Published on 9/18/2019
Sano S, Wang Y, Yura Y, Sano M, Oshima K, Yang Y, Katanasaka Y, Min KD, Matsuura S, Ravid K, Mohi G, Walsh K. JAK2V617F -Mediated Clonal Hematopoiesis Accelerates Pathological Remodeling in Murine Heart Failure. JACC Basic Transl Sci. 2019 Oct; 4(6):684-697. PMID: 31709318.
- Published on 6/7/2019
Leiva O, Bekendam RH, Garcia BD, Thompson C, Cantor A, Chitalia V, Ravid K. Emerging Factors Implicated in Fibrotic Organ-Associated Thrombosis: The Case of Two Organs. TH Open. 2019 Apr; 3(2):e165-e170. PMID: 31259299.
- Published on 12/10/2018
Li HM, Jang JH, Jung JS, Shin J, Park CO, Kim YJ, Ahn WG, Nam JS, Hong CW, Lee J, Jung YJ, Chen JF, Ravid K, Lee HT, Huh WK, Kabarowski JH, Song DK. G2A Protects Mice against Sepsis by Modulating Kupffer Cell Activation: Cooperativity with Adenosine Receptor 2b. J Immunol. 2019 01 15; 202(2):527-538. PMID: 30530591.
- Published on 10/2/2018
Artuz CM, Knights AJ, Funnell APW, Gonda TJ, Ravid K, Pearson RCM, Quinlan KGR, Crossley M. Partial reprogramming of heterologous cells by defined factors to generate megakaryocyte lineage-restricted biomolecules. Biotechnol Rep (Amst). 2018 Dec; 20:e00285. PMID: 30364711.
- Published on 1/30/2018
Koupenova M, Ravid K. Biology of Platelet Purinergic Receptors and Implications for Platelet Heterogeneity. Front Pharmacol. 2018; 9:37. PMID: 29441021.
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