Sondra S. Crosby MD

Professor, General Internal Medicine

Professor of Health Law, Ethics & Human Rights, Center for Health Law, Ethics & Human Rights

801 Massachusetts Ave | (617) 414-7179
Sondra Crosby

General Internal Medicine


Sondra Crosby, MD is a medical doctor and Professor of Medicine at Boston University, specializing in internal medicine. She is also a faculty member of the Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights department at the Boston University School of Public Health.

Dr. Crosby is notable for being one of the first doctors allowed to travel to Guantanamo to independently examine Guantanamo captives. She is also notable for serving as the director of medical care at the Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights. She examined over 300 torture victims at the Center.

Dr. Crosby is one of the authors of Broken Laws, Broken Lives: Medical Evidence of Torture by the US, published by Physicians for Human Rights. According to Physicians for Human Rights, Dr. Crosby has "written over 200 affidavits documenting medical and psychological sequelae of torture."


Medicine, MD, University of Washington

PharmD, University of Washington

BPharm, Washington State University


Published on 1/9/2024

Crosby SS, Glantz LH. "Rectal Feeding"-Unethical Medical Officer Participation at CIA Secret Interrogation Facilities. JAMA. 2024 Jan 09; 331(2):103-104. PMID: 38127323.

Published on 1/2/2024

Bedi NS, Mathur N, Wang JD, Rech A, Gaden N, Annas GJ, Crosby SS. Human Rights in Hospitals: an End to Routine Shackling. J Gen Intern Med. 2024 May; 39(6):1048-1052. PMID: 38169026.

Published on 12/27/2022

Choi J, Juntunen A, Brewer H, Abbas D, Sopper C, Bielick L, Ghebrehiwet S, Flinton K, Sarfaty S, Jacquet GA, Crosby S, Piwowarczyk L, Oleng N, Borba CPC. Evaluating an Interprofessional Trauma-Based Education Course to Advance the Care and Health of Refugees. J Immigr Minor Health. 2023 Oct; 25(5):1043-1049. PMID: 36574112.

Published on 11/18/2021

Ulrich MR, Crosby SS. Title 42, asylum, and politicising public health. Lancet Reg Health Am. 2022 Mar; 7:100124. PMID: 36777657.

Published on 9/1/2021

Neufeld MY, Kimball S, Stein AB, Crosby SS. Correction to: Forensic evaluation of alleged wrist restraint/handcuff injuries in survivors of torture utilizing the Istanbul Protocol. Int J Legal Med. 2021 Sep; 135(5):2145. PMID: 34106336.

Published on 8/1/2021

Annas GJ, Crosby SS. Standard Racism: Trying to Use "Crisis Standards of Care" in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Am J Bioeth. 2021 08; 21(8):1-3. PMID: 34313559.

Published on 3/12/2021

Wang RY, Rojo MC, Crosby SS, Rajabiun S. Examining the Impact of Restrictive Federal Immigration Policies on Healthcare Access: Perspectives from Immigrant Patients across an Urban Safety-Net Hospital. J Immigr Minor Health. 2022 Feb; 24(1):178-187. PMID: 33710446.

Published on 1/7/2021

Neufeld MY, Kimball S, Stein AB, Crosby SS. Forensic evaluation of alleged wrist restraint/handcuff injuries in survivors of torture utilizing the Istanbul Protocol. Int J Legal Med. 2021 Mar; 135(2):583-590. PMID: 33409560.

Published on 1/1/2021

Crosby SS, Sonis L, Annas GJ. The Boston Medical Center Immigrant Task Force: An Alternative to Teaching Immigration Law to Health Care Providers. J Law Med Ethics. 2021; 49(1):59-63. PMID: 33966656.

Published on 8/11/2020

Crosby SS. My COVID-19. Ann Intern Med. 2021 01; 174(1):120-121. PMID: 32777184.

View full list of 53 publications.