Genetics and the environment (including psychiatric stress) may contribute to the pace of cellular aging, causing some individuals to have a biological age that exceeds their chronological age.
Researchers from the National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System and BUSM now have found that a variant in the klotho gene, a gene previously associated with longevity, interacts with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to predict accelerated aging in brain tissue. These same researchers had previously shown this effect in living subjects when epigenetic age (biological age) was measured in blood, but this is the first time it has been studied in brain tissue.
Using data from individuals who donated their brains to the VA National PTSD Brain Bank, the researchers were able to examine how genetic variation and PTSD status interacted with each other to predict biological age and gene expression. They found that older adults with PTSD showed evidence of accelerated epigenetic aging in brain tissue if they had the “at risk” (variant) at a particular location in the klotho gene. Follow-up molecular experiments led by BUSM co-authors Cidi Chen, PhD, research associate professor and Carmela Abraham, PhD, professor of biochemistry, showed that this variant regulated the transcription of the klotho gene, suggesting functional consequences of the genetic variant.
Both PTSD and klotho impact inflammation, cardiometabolic conditions and neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer’s disease. According to the researchers, better understanding how klotho and PTSD interact and the mechanisms linking both genes and traumatic stress to age-related health conditions is important for the development of novel therapeutics.
“This work allows us to better pinpoint who is at risk for accelerated cellular aging, and possibly, premature disease onset (such as neurodegeneration). This can help to identify the populations at greatest risk so that targeted treatments can be matched to the individuals who need it most. As well, the results point to potential therapeutic targets (klotho) in the development of pharmacological approaches to slow the pace of cellular aging,” adds lead author Erika Wolf, PhD, clinical research psychologist for the National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System and associate professor of psychiatry at BUSM.
These findings appear online in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.
This work was supported by the National Institute on Aging grant number 1R21AG061367 to EJW, and VA BLR&D Merit Award grant number 1I01BX003477 to MWL. This work was also supported by a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE 2013A) to EJW, as administered by U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development and by the National Center for PTSD. FGM’s contribution to this work was supported by National Institute of Mental Health award number 5T32MH019836-16. Genotype and methylation data were generated with the support of resources at the Pharmacogenomics Analysis Laboratory (Research Service, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, Little Rock, Arkansas), a core research laboratory funded by the Cooperative Studies Program, Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs. The contents of this manuscript do not represent the views of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the National Institutes of Health, or the United States Government.