Xinning Li, MD

Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery

Xinning Li


Dr. Xinning Li, Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Chobanian and Avedisian School of Medicine and Team Physician for the Boston University athletics, has a strong clinical interest in both Sports Medicine and Shoulder & Elbow surgery. Dr. Li completed his first fellowship in Sports Medicine at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, a world-renowned sports medicine fellowship program and the #1 ranked orthopaedic hospital in the United States. During his fellowship, Dr. Li worked with many experts in the field of sports medicine and served as the assistant team physician for the New York Mets professional baseball team. Additionally, he has also provided medical care to several high school and collegiate teams throughout his residency and fellowship training. After his sports medicine fellowship, Dr. Li completed a second fellowship in Shoulder & Elbow surgery at the Harvard Medical School (Massachusetts General and Brigham & Women’s Hospital). During this time, Dr. Li spent additional time travelling to France to work closely with two world-renowned shoulder surgeons, Dr. Lafosse (Annecy) and Dr. Walch (Lyon) to further advance his training in complex arthroscopic shoulder surgeries and open shoulder reconstruction.

Dr. Li graduated summa cum laude from Campbell University in Buies Creek, NC and earned his medical degree from the University of Virginia School of Medicine in Charlottesville, VA. He went on to complete a six-year academic Orthopaedic Surgery residency program at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center in Worcester, MA. In addition to the five-year clinical residency, Dr. Li also completed an additional year of orthopaedic surgery research fellowship in Tissue Engineering. His efforts in the laboratory has led to the development of a novel synthetic bone graft substitute for healing of segmental bone defects and was the recipient of the prestigious Resident Clinician Scientist training grant from the OREF to continue his research endeavors. In addition to his research accomplishments, Dr. Li was selected to the AOA Resident Leadership Forum and earned membership into the AOA Emerging Leaders program during his residency.

Dr. Li has a strong interest in research and believes that it is through research that advances in the field of orthopaedic surgery and patient care is made possible. His research interests focuses on tissue engineering, ligament reconstruction, rotator cuff repair outcomes and shoulder arthroplasty. Dr. Li has presented research at international, national, and regional orthopedic meetings numerous times. In addition, he has received multiple resident research awards from the Eastern Orthopaedic Association and has contributed over 100 peer-reviewed publications, book chapters, podium/poster presentations and accepted abstracts to the field of orthopaedics. His research has been published in many of the leading journals in orthopaedic surgery, including The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, The American Journal of Sports Medicine, Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, and the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. He currently sits on the editorial board of two peer-review orthopaedic journals and is an active member of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM), the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), and the Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA).

To address disorders affecting the shoulder, elbow, and knee, Dr. Li specializes in advanced arthroscopic and open surgical techniques. He has a special interest in the care of athletes as he was a NCAA Division I tennis player himself. Dr. Li cares for athletes of all ages, beginning from adolescence through adulthood and at all levels of participation, from the weekend warrior to the high school, collegiate and professional athlete. His clinical interests and expertise include primary and revision ACL reconstruction, multi-ligament knee injuries, cartilage loss, meniscus injury, patellar instability, rotator cuff and labral tears, shoulder instability (Bankart repair or Laterjet procedure), pectoralis and distal biceps tendon rupture, shoulder arthritis (total and reverse shoulder arthroplasty), and elbow injuries. In addition, Dr. Li has a special interest in complex shoulder reconstruction including muscle transfers for scapula winging, scapula-thoracic pain, revision rotator cuff surgery and failed shoulder arthroplasty. He is dedicated to providing exceptional patient care with the highest level of compassion and expertise.


  • University of Virginia School of Medicine, MD
  • Campbell University, BS


  • Published on 8/4/2023

    Lawrence KW, Okewunmi JO, Chakrani Z, Cordero JK, Li X, Parisien RL. Randomized Controlled Trials Comparing Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Versus Hamstring Tendon Autografts in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery Are Statistically Fragile: A Systematic Review. Arthroscopy. 2024 Mar; 40(3):998-1005. PMID: 37543146.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 8/4/2022

    Freccero DM, Van Steyn P, Joslin PMN, Robbins CE, Li X, Efremov K, Shukla P, Talmo CT, Bono JV. Continuous Femoral Nerve Block Reduces the Need for Manipulation Following Total Knee Arthroplasty. JB JS Open Access. 2022; 7(3). PMID: 35935602.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 6/15/2022

    Trofa DP, Desai SS, Li X, Makhni EC. The Current Utilization of Patient-reported Outcome Measurement Information System in Shoulder, Elbow, and Sports Medicine. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2022 Jun 15; 30(12):554-562. PMID: 35653279.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 3/1/2022

    Galvin JW, Eichinger JK, Li X, Parada SA. Scapular Fractures After Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2022 Mar 01; 30(5):e517-e527. PMID: 35050935.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 2/25/2022

    Li X, Galvin JW, Zalneraitis BH, Gasbarro G, Parada SA, Eichinger JK, Boileau P, Warner JJP, Elhassan BT. Muscle Tendon Transfers Around the Shoulder: Diagnosis, Treatment, Surgical Techniques, and Outcomes. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2022 May 04; 104(9):833-850. PMID: 35213452.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 2/15/2022

    Resad Ferati S, Parisien RL, Joslin P, Knapp B, Li X, Curry EJ. Socioeconomic Status Impacts Access to Orthopaedic Specialty Care. JBJS Rev. 2022 02 15; 10(2). PMID: 35171876.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/10/2022

    Maqsoodi N, Mesfin A, Li X. Academic, Leadership, and Demographic Characteristics of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Division Chiefs in the United States. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2022 01 10; 6(1). PMID: 35007236.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 12/21/2021

    Guermazi A, Tannoury C, Kompel AJ, Murakami AM, Ducarouge A, Gillibert A, Li X, Tournier A, Lahoud Y, Jarraya M, Lacave E, Rahimi H, Pourchot A, Parisien RL, Merritt AC, Comeau D, Regnard NE, Hayashi D. Improving Radiographic Fracture Recognition Performance and Efficiency Using Artificial Intelligence. Radiology. 2022 03; 302(3):627-636. PMID: 34931859.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 12/15/2021

    Parisien RL, Shin M, Trofa DP, Prasad A, Li X, Levine WN, Flynn JM, Ganley TJ. Telehealth Utilization in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2021 Dec 15; 29(24):1053-1060. PMID: 33878081.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 11/17/2021

    Li X. In Older Adults with 3- or 4-Part Dislocated Proximal Humeral Fractures, Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Improved Anterior Elevation and Constant Score, but Not DASH Scores, Quality of Life, or Radiographic Outcomes Compared with Hemiarthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2021 11 17; 103(22):2142. PMID: 34546984.

    Read at: PubMed

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