Chao Zhang, PhD

Assistant Professor, Medicine

Chao Zhang
72 E. Concord Street


As an interdisciplinary researcher, I have a background in systems biology, statistics, machine learning, software engineering, and especially in next-generation sequencing analysis, such as ChIP-Seq, WGS, WES, RRBS, RNASeq, ATACSeq, and Single-cell RNA sequencing.

My current researches are focusing on stem cell and cancer genomics.

In collaboration with Dr. Lorenz Studer’s group, I presented the surprising finding that manipulating the nutrient composition of the culture medium can dramatically alter the pluripotent state of hPSC. With the comprehensive analysis of multi-layered molecular data, we demonstrate that lipid-free culture conditions are sufficient to maintain human pluripotent stem cells in a naive-to-primed intermediate state via endogenous ERK inhibition and lipid supplementation can push the cells toward the primed cell state (Cell stem cell, 2019). I also devoted significant effort on aging and neuron degenerative diseases research.

Although studying associations between microbiota and diseases are very popular in the past few years, most studies were limited to the gut microbiome, due to the lack of access to clinical samples and technical challenges to quantify local microbiota, and the functions of them have been simply overlooked and underestimated. I demonstrated a novel computational pipeline to master the challenge of unbiased local microbiome detection from the sequencing data of small clinical endoscopic biopsy (Genome biology, 2015). I collected 50 gastric cancer samples and 106 gastric endoscopy biopsies from non-cancer population, the largest non-cancer gastric genomics study ever conducted. Besides microbiome characterization, I also quantified the immune infiltration for the above samples from bulk and single cell RNASeq data. By integrating multiple layers of data from our samples and TCGA GI-tract studies, I discovered a strong association between expression of immune markers and local microbiome diversity, showing that local microbiome could be very important for shaping tumor microenvironment.


  • University of Missouri, PhD
  • University of Missouri, MS
  • University of Missouri, MS
  • Beijing Institute of Technology, BS

Classes Taught

  • GMSFC721


  • Published on 5/10/2021

    Pan H, Renaud L, Chaligne R, Bloehdorn J, Tausch E, Mertens D, Fink AM, Fischer K, Zhang C, Betel D, Gnirke A, Imielinski M, Moreaux J, Hallek M, Meissner A, Stilgenbauer S, Wu CJ, Elemento O, Landau DA. Discovery of Candidate DNA Methylation Cancer Driver Genes. Cancer Discov. 2021 09; 11(9):2266-2281. PMID: 33972312.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/11/2021

    Chen X, Ashoor H, Musich R, Wang J, Zhang M, Zhang C, Lu M, Li S. epihet for intra-tumoral epigenetic heterogeneity analysis and visualization. Sci Rep. 2021 01 11; 11(1):376. PMID: 33432081.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/7/2021

    Soyfoo DM, Doomah YH, Xu D, Zhang C, Sang HM, Liu YY, Zhang GX, Jiang JX, Xu SF. New genotypes of Helicobacter Pylori VacA d-region identified from global strains. BMC Mol Cell Biol. 2021 Jan 07; 22(1):4. PMID: 33413074.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 7/8/2020

    Shah MA, Enzinger P, Ko AH, Ocean AJ, Philip PA, Thakkar PV, Cleveland K, Lu Y, Kortmansky J, Christos PJ, Zhang C, Kaur N, Elmonshed D, Galletti G, Sarkar S, Bhinder B, Pittman ME, Plotnikova OM, Kotlov N, Frenkel F, Bagaev A, Elemento O, Betel D, Giannakakou P, Lenz HJ. Multicenter Phase II Study of Cabazitaxel in Advanced Gastroesophageal Cancer: Association of HER2 Expression and M2-Like Tumor-Associated Macrophages with Patient Outcome. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 09 15; 26(18):4756-4766. PMID: 32641434.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 7/2/2020

    Cederquist GY, Tchieu J, Callahan SJ, Ramnarine K, Ryan S, Zhang C, Rittenhouse C, Zeltner N, Chung SY, Zhou T, Chen S, Betel D, White RM, Tomishima M, Studer L. A Multiplex Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Platform Defines Molecular and Functional Subclasses of Autism-Related Genes. Cell Stem Cell. 2020 07 02; 27(1):35-49.e6. PMID: 32619517.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 4/22/2020

    Galletti G, Zhang C, Gjyrezi A, Cleveland K, Zhang J, Powell S, Thakkar PV, Betel D, Shah MA, Giannakakou P. Microtubule Engagement with Taxane Is Altered in Taxane-Resistant Gastric Cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 07 15; 26(14):3771-3783. PMID: 32321717.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 2/19/2020

    Li N, Inoue K, Sun J, Niu Y, Lalani S, Yallowitz A, Yang X, Zhang C, Shen R, Zhao B, Xu R, Greenblatt MB. Osteoclasts are not a source of SLIT3. Bone Res. 2020; 8:11. PMID: 32133214.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 5/30/2019

    Cornacchia D, Zhang C, Zimmer B, Chung SY, Fan Y, Soliman MA, Tchieu J, Chambers SM, Shah H, Paull D, Konrad C, Vincendeau M, Noggle SA, Manfredi G, Finley LWS, Cross JR, Betel D, Studer L. Lipid Deprivation Induces a Stable, Naive-to-Primed Intermediate State of Pluripotency in Human PSCs. Cell Stem Cell. 2019 07 03; 25(1):120-136.e10. PMID: 31155483.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/8/2019

    Zhang C, Thakkar PV, Powell SE, Sharma P, Vennelaganti S, Betel D, Shah MA. A Comparison of Homogenization vs. Enzymatic Lysis for Microbiome Profiling in Clinical Endoscopic Biopsy Tissue Samples. Front Microbiol. 2018; 9:3246. PMID: 30671046.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 5/21/2018

    Xu R, Yallowitz A, Qin A, Wu Z, Shin DY, Kim JM, Debnath S, Ji G, Bostrom MP, Yang X, Zhang C, Dong H, Kermani P, Lalani S, Li N, Liu Y, Poulos MG, Wach A, Zhang Y, Inoue K, Di Lorenzo A, Zhao B, Butler JM, Shim JH, Glimcher LH, Greenblatt MB. Targeting skeletal endothelium to ameliorate bone loss. Nat Med. 2018 06; 24(6):823-833. PMID: 29785024.

    Read at: PubMed

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