Xinning Li, MD

Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery

Xinning Li


Dr. Xinning Li, Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Boston University School of Medicine and Team Physician for the Boston University athletics, has a strong clinical interest in both Sports Medicine and Shoulder & Elbow surgery. Dr. Li completed his first fellowship in Sports Medicine at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, a world-renowned sports medicine fellowship program and the #1 ranked orthopaedic hospital in the United States. During his fellowship, Dr. Li worked with many experts in the field of sports medicine and served as the assistant team physician for the New York Mets professional baseball team. Additionally, he has also provided medical care to several high school and collegiate teams throughout his residency and fellowship training. After his sports medicine fellowship, Dr. Li completed a second fellowship in Shoulder & Elbow surgery at the Harvard Medical School (Massachusetts General and Brigham & Women’s Hospital). During this time, Dr. Li spent additional time travelling to France to work closely with two world-renowned shoulder surgeons, Dr. Lafosse (Annecy) and Dr. Walch (Lyon) to further advance his training in complex arthroscopic shoulder surgeries and open shoulder reconstruction.

Dr. Li graduated summa cum laude from Campbell University in Buies Creek, NC and earned his medical degree from the University of Virginia School of Medicine in Charlottesville, VA. He went on to complete a six-year academic Orthopaedic Surgery residency program at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center in Worcester, MA. In addition to the five-year clinical residency, Dr. Li also completed an additional year of orthopaedic surgery research fellowship in Tissue Engineering. His efforts in the laboratory has led to the development of a novel synthetic bone graft substitute for healing of segmental bone defects and was the recipient of the prestigious Resident Clinician Scientist training grant from the OREF to continue his research endeavors. In addition to his research accomplishments, Dr. Li was selected to the AOA Resident Leadership Forum and earned membership into the AOA Emerging Leaders program during his residency.

Dr. Li has a strong interest in research and believes that it is through research that advances in the field of orthopaedic surgery and patient care is made possible. His research interests focuses on tissue engineering, ligament reconstruction, rotator cuff repair outcomes and shoulder arthroplasty. Dr. Li has presented research at international, national, and regional orthopedic meetings numerous times. In addition, he has received multiple resident research awards from the Eastern Orthopaedic Association and has contributed over 100 peer-reviewed publications, book chapters, podium/poster presentations and accepted abstracts to the field of orthopaedics. His research has been published in many of the leading journals in orthopaedic surgery, including The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, The American Journal of Sports Medicine, Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, and the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. He currently sits on the editorial board of two peer-review orthopaedic journals and is an active member of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM), the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), and the Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA).

To address disorders affecting the shoulder, elbow, and knee, Dr. Li specializes in advanced arthroscopic and open surgical techniques. He has a special interest in the care of athletes as he was a NCAA Division I tennis player himself. Dr. Li cares for athletes of all ages, beginning from adolescence through adulthood and at all levels of participation, from the weekend warrior to the high school, collegiate and professional athlete. His clinical interests and expertise include primary and revision ACL reconstruction, multi-ligament knee injuries, cartilage loss, meniscus injury, patellar instability, rotator cuff and labral tears, shoulder instability (Bankart repair or Laterjet procedure), pectoralis and distal biceps tendon rupture, shoulder arthritis (total and reverse shoulder arthroplasty), and elbow injuries. In addition, Dr. Li has a special interest in complex shoulder reconstruction including muscle transfers for scapula winging, scapula-thoracic pain, revision rotator cuff surgery and failed shoulder arthroplasty. He is dedicated to providing exceptional patient care with the highest level of compassion and expertise.


  • University of Virginia School of Medicine, MD
  • Campbell University, BS


  • Published on 9/21/2021

    Li X. In Older Adults with 3- or 4-Part Dislocated Proximal Humeral Fractures, Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Improved Anterior Elevation and Constant Score, but Not DASH Scores, Quality of Life, or Radiographic Outcomes Compared with Hemiarthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2021 Sep 21. PMID: 34546984.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 9/2/2021

    Parisien RL, Danford NC, Jarin IJ, Li X, Trofa DP, Vosseller JT. The Fragility of Statistical Findings in Achilles Tendon Injury Research: A Systematic Review. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2021 09 02; 5(9). PMID: 34491976.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 4/16/2021

    Parisien RL, Shin M, Trofa DP, Prasad A, Li X, Levine WN, Flynn JM, Ganley TJ. Telehealth Utilization in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2021 Apr 16. PMID: 33878081.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/20/2021

    Howlett N, Parisien RL, Son SJ, Li X. Arthroscopic Subscapularis Repair Using a Clever Hook and Lasso Loop Technique in the Beach Chair Position: A Simple and Reproducible Guide. Arthrosc Tech. 2021 Jan; 10(1):e199-e208. PMID: 33532229.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/16/2021

    Curry EJ, Penvose IR, Knapp B, Parisien RL, Li X. National disparities in access to physical therapy after rotator cuff repair between patients with Medicaid vs. private health insurance. JSES Int. 2021 May; 5(3):507-511. PMID: 34136862.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 12/15/2020

    DeFazio MW, Curry EJ, Gustin MJ, Sing DC, Abdul-Rassoul H, Ma R, Fu F, Li X. Return to Sport After ACL Reconstruction With a BTB Versus Hamstring Tendon Autograft: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Dec; 8(12):2325967120964919. PMID: 33403206.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 10/22/2020

    Gustin M, Olszewski N, Parisien RL, Li X. The Modified Eden-Lange Tendon Transfer for Lateral Scapular Winging Secondary to Spinal Accessory Nerve Injury. Arthrosc Tech. 2020 Oct; 9(10):e1581-e1589. PMID: 33134064.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 8/28/2020

    Deng ZJ, Yin C, Cusano J, Abdul-Rassoul H, Curry EJ, Novikov D, Ma R, Li X. Outcomes and Complications After Primary Arthroscopic Suprapectoral Versus Open Subpectoral Biceps Tenodesis for Superior Labral Anterior-Posterior Tears or Biceps Abnormalities: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Aug; 8(8):2325967120945322. PMID: 32923502.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 8/15/2020

    Galvin JW, Kang J, Ma R, Li X. Fractures of the Coracoid Process: Evaluation, Management, and Outcomes. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2020 Aug 15; 28(16):e706-e715. PMID: 32769719.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 8/6/2020

    Wolfson M, Curtin P, Curry EJ, Cerda S, Li X. Giant cell tumor formation due to metallosis after open latarjet and partial shoulder resurfacing. Orthop Rev (Pavia). 2020 Aug 06; 12(2):8522. PMID: 32922698.

    Read at: PubMed

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