Kolachalama laboratory research areas:
1. AI for precision medicine
Artificial intelligence is poised to help deliver precision medicine, yet achieving this goal is nontrivial. Machine learning and image processing techniques along with developments in software and hardware technologies allow us to consider questions across scales. We leverage these tools for pattern recognition and understanding pathophysiological mechanisms that would pave way towards developing biomedical technologies that are of diagnostic and prognostic relevance.
2. Computational pathology
Machine learning and image processing algorithms are transforming the way by which medical images are analyzed to uncover hidden patterns and facilitate patient diagnosis as well as to improve the delivery and effectiveness of patient care. This is especially the case in the field of digital pathology where several researchers are employing these powerful techniques to address specific questions in a spectrum of disease scenarios. We develop computational frameworks for quantitative assessment of tissue biopsies and to assist the pathologist.
3. Mechanisms of endovascular therapies
Obstructive arterial disease remains a clinical challenge. We use a multidisciplinary approach that leverages biophysical and bench-top models to understand the mechanisms of endovascular therapies. Previous studies by us and our collaborators have explained the role of physiologic factors in modulating spatiotemporal arterial distribution patterns for drug-eluting devices as a function of intrinsic device design, relative device position and pulsatile nature of blood flow. We have extended models simulating idealized settings of physiology to real world issues and further examine arterial tissue response that varies due to procedural settings, device composition, arterial wall ultrastructure and disease, physiologic changes within complex vascular anatomies, vascular injury and the mode of drug delivery.
- University of Southampton, PhD
- Published on 7/17/2018
Kumaradevan S, Lee SY, Richards S, Lyle C, Zhao Q, Tapan U, Jiangliu Y, Ghumman S, Walker J, Belghasem M, Arinze N, Kuhnen A, Weinberg J, Francis J, Hartshorn K, Kolachalama VB, Cifuentes D, Rahimi N, Chitalia VC. c-Cbl Expression Correlates with Human Colorectal Cancer Survival and Its Wnt/ß-Catenin Suppressor Function Is Regulated by Tyr371 Phosphorylation. Am J Pathol. 2018 Aug; 188(8):1921-1933. PMID: 30029779.
- Published on 1/17/2018
Kolachalama VB, Shashar M, Alousi F, Shivanna S, Rijal K, Belghasem ME, Walker J, Matsuura S, Chang GH, Gibson CM, Dember LM, Francis JM, Ravid K, Chitalia VC. Uremic Solute-Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-Tissue Factor Axis Associates with Thrombosis after Vascular Injury in Humans. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018 Mar; 29(3):1063-1072. PMID: 29343519.
- Published on 1/11/2018
Kolachalama VB, Singh P, Lin CQ, Mun D, Belghasem ME, Henderson JM, Francis JM, Salant DJ, Chitalia VC. Association of Pathological Fibrosis With Renal Survival Using Deep Neural Networks. Kidney Int Rep. 2018 Mar; 3(2):464-475. PMID: 29725651.
- Published on 1/1/2018
Li J, Ogrodnik M, Kolachalama VB, Lin H, Au R. Assessment of the Mid-Life Demographic and Lifestyle Risk Factors of Dementia Using Data from the Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort. J Alzheimers Dis. 2018; 63(3):1119-1127. PMID: 29710704.
- Published on 11/22/2017
Shashar M, Belghasem ME, Matsuura S, Walker J, Richards S, Alousi F, Rijal K, Kolachalama VB, Balcells M, Odagi M, Nagasawa K, Henderson JM, Gautam A, Rushmore R, Francis J, Kirchhofer D, Kolandaivelu K, Sherr DH, Edelman ER, Ravid K, Chitalia VC. Targeting STUB1-tissue factor axis normalizes hyperthrombotic uremic phenotype without increasing bleeding risk. Sci Transl Med. 2017 Nov 22; 9(417). PMID: 29167396.
- Published on 5/21/2017
Tapan U, Lee SY, Weinberg J, Kolachalama VB, Francis J, Charlot M, Hartshorn K, Chitalia V. Racial differences in colorectal cancer survival at a safety net hospital. Cancer Epidemiol. 2017 08; 49:30-37. PMID: 28538169.
- Published on 11/1/2016
Shashar M, Siwak J, Tapan U, Lee SY, Meyer RD, Parrack P, Tan J, Khatami F, Francis J, Zhao Q, Hartshorn K, Kolachalama VB, Rahimi N, Chitalia V. c-Cbl mediates the degradation of tumorigenic nuclear ß-catenin contributing to the heterogeneity in Wnt activity in colorectal tumors. Oncotarget. 2016 11 01; 7(44):71136-71150. PMID: 27661103.
- Published on 7/21/2016
Mandal PK, Sarifuddin, Kolachalama VB. Computational Model of Drug-Coated Balloon Delivery in a Patient-Specific Arterial Vessel with Heterogeneous Tissue Composition. Cardiovasc Eng Technol. 2016 Dec; 7(4):406-419. PMID: 27443840.
- Published on 2/23/2016
O'Brien CC, Kolandaivelu K, Brown J, Lopes AC, Kunio M, Kolachalama VB, Edelman ER. Constraining OCT with Knowledge of Device Design Enables High Accuracy Hemodynamic Assessment of Endovascular Implants. PLoS One. 2016; 11(2):e0149178. PMID: 26906566.
- Published on 1/5/2016
O'Brien CC, Lopes AC, Kolandaivelu K, Kunio M, Brown J, Kolachalama VB, Conway C, Bailey L, Markham P, Costa M, Ware J, Edelman ER. Vascular Response to Experimental Stent Malapposition and Under-Expansion. Ann Biomed Eng. 2016 Jul; 44(7):2251-60. PMID: 26732391.
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