Sondra S. Crosby, MD

Associate Professor of Health Law, Ethics & Human Rights, Health Law, Policy & Management

Sondra Crosby
801 Massachusetts Ave Crosstown Center


Sondra Crosby, MD is a medical doctor and Professor of Medicine at Boston University, specializing in internal medicine. She is also a faculty member of the Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights department at the Boston University School of Public Health.

Dr. Crosby is notable for being one of the first doctors allowed to travel to Guantanamo to independently examine Guantanamo captives. She is also notable for serving as the director of medical care at the Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights. She examined over 300 torture victims at the Center.

Dr. Crosby is one of the authors of Broken Laws, Broken Lives: Medical Evidence of Torture by the US, published by Physicians for Human Rights. According to Physicians for Human Rights, Dr. Crosby has “written over 200 affidavits documenting medical and psychological sequelae of torture.”

Other Positions

  • Associate Professor, General Internal Medicine, Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine


  • University of Washington, MD
  • University of Washington, PharmD
  • Washington State University, BPharm


  • Published on 3/1/2020

    Crosby SS, Annas GJ. Cop to Cop: Negotiating Privacy and Security in the Examining Room. J Law Med Ethics. 2020 Mar; 48(1):169-171. PMID: 32342784.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/20/2020

    Crosby SS, Oleng N, Volpellier MM, Mishori R. Virginity testing: recommendations for primary care physicians in Europe and North America. BMJ Glob Health. 2020; 5(1):e002057. PMID: 32133175.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/24/2019

    Annas GJ, Crosby S. US military medical ethics in the War on Terror. J R Army Med Corps. 2019 Aug; 165(4):303-306. PMID: 30683802.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 4/1/2018

    Mehta PK, Saia K, Mody D, Crosby SS, Raj A, Maru S, Piwowarczyk L. Learning from UJAMBO: Perspectives on Gynecologic Care in African Immigrant and Refugee Women in Boston, Massachusetts. J Immigr Minor Health. 2018 Apr; 20(2):380-387. PMID: 29032521.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 11/21/2017

    Crosby SS, Benavidez G. From Nuremberg to Guantanamo Bay: Uses of Physicians in the War on Terror. Am J Public Health. 2018 Jan; 108(1):36-41. PMID: 29161065.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 6/11/2015

    Annas GJ, Crosby SS. Post-9/11 torture at CIA "black sites"--physicians and lawyers working together. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jun 11; 372(24):2279-81. PMID: 26061833.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 3/10/2015

    Crosby SS, Xenakis SN, Glantz LH. Force feeding at Guantanamo in first case brought to US federal court. BMJ. 2015; 350:h1270. PMID: 25758757.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/6/2015

    Moreno A, Crosby S, Xenakis S, Iacopino V. Implementing Istanbul Protocol standards for forensic evidence of torture in Kyrgyzstan. J Forensic Leg Med. 2015 Feb; 30:39-42. PMID: 25623194.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 10/1/2014

    Waldorf B, Gill C, Crosby SS. Assessing adherence to accepted national guidelines for immigrant and refugee screening and vaccines in an urban primary care practice: a retrospective chart review. J Immigr Minor Health. 2014 Oct; 16(5):839-45. PMID: 23512323.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/1/2014

    Crosby SS. Not every food refuser is a hunger striker. Am J Bioeth. 2014; 14(7):47-8. PMID: 24978414.

    Read at: PubMed

View 32 more publications: View full profile at BUMC

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