Karen Allen investigates protein structure and function through X-ray diffraction and enzyme kinetic studies. Prior to joining the Department of Chemistry in 2008, she was Professor of Physiology and Biophysics at the Boston University School of Medicine. A leader in the American Chemical Society, she is currently an Associate Editor of the ACS journal, Biochemistry.
The Allen Research Group investigates the structure, function, and catalytic properties of enzymes. Their insights into these essential proteins guide the design of specialized molecules and enzymes to aid in drug discovery and in the development of tools that assist in protein studies. The Allen Group researchers conduct their studies using X-ray crystallography and spectroscopy, enzymology, and bioinformatics and routinely collaborate with leading laboratories at other universities.
Structure/Function/Catalytic Studies investigate the properties of specific enzymes in the haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase (HAD) Superfamily and the Hot Dog Thioesterase Superfamily. The HAD studies aim to develop an understanding of enzyme evolution. The Hot Dog thioestearse (found in eukaryotes, bacteria, and archea) studies focus on the biological functions of this pervasive domain (With the Dunaway-Mariano Group, University of New Mexico).
Drug Discovery Studies aim to develop inhibitors against the potent neurotoxin produced by the soil-dwelling bacterium Clostridium botulinum (BoNT). These inhibitors are crucial because these toxins have high potential for use in biological weapons (With the Tzipori Group, Tufts University).
Tool Discovery Studies develop multi-tasking, easy-to-use Lanthanide Binding Tags (LBTs). LBTs consist of 17 amino-acids which have minimal impact on the structures and functions of the proteins they help study (With the Imperiali Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
Techniques & Resources include:
X-Ray Crystallography – the University runs a state-of-the-art X-ray crystallographic suite, including a rotating anode generator, with a CCD detector, capable of collecting data on both macro and small molecules. A dedicated X-Ray technician assists with data collection, processing, and troubleshooting.
The Crystal Farm – stores and visualizes 96-well trays of crystal, allowing automated tracking of crystal growth, remote viewing of crystals, optimized formulation of new crystal conditions, and enhanced temperature control.
Bioinformatics – lab utilizes the Scientific Computing and Visualization (SCV) supercomputers to create an approximation of the potential energy of molecules. These calculations are entered into CHARMM force fields in order to characterize the conformational changes of various members of the HAD superfamily.
Spectroscopy – lab performs Mass Spectrometry and CD Spectroscopy using CIC instrumentation.
- Associate Professor, Physiology & Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine
- Brandeis University, PhD
- Tufts University, BS
- Published on 6/5/2019
Tazhigulov RN, Gurunathan PK, Kim Y, Slipchenko LV, Bravaya KB. Polarizable embedding for simulating redox potentials of biomolecules. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2019 Jun 05; 21(22):11642-11650. PMID: 31116217.
- Published on 4/16/2019
Allen KN, Imperiali B. Structural and mechanistic themes in glycoconjugate biosynthesis at membrane interfaces. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2019 Dec; 59:81-90. PMID: 31003021.
- Published on 10/15/2018
Allen KN, Entova S, Ray LC, Imperiali B. Monotopic Membrane Proteins Join the Fold. Trends Biochem Sci. 2019 01; 44(1):7-20. PMID: 30337134.
- Published on 7/13/2018
Zhang C, Allen KN, Dunaway-Mariano D. Mechanism of Substrate Recognition and Catalysis of the Haloalkanoic Acid Dehalogenase Family Member a-Phosphoglucomutase. Biochemistry. 2018 07 31; 57(30):4504-4517. PMID: 29952545.
- Published on 6/13/2018
Tararina MA, Xue S, Smith LC, Muellers SN, Miranda PO, Janda KD, Allen KN. Crystallography Coupled with Kinetic Analysis Provides Mechanistic Underpinnings of a Nicotine-Degrading Enzyme. Biochemistry. 2018 07 03; 57(26):3741-3751. PMID: 29812904.
- Published on 5/16/2018
Ray LC, Das D, Entova S, Lukose V, Lynch AJ, Imperiali B, Allen KN. Membrane association of monotopic phosphoglycosyl transferase underpins function. Nat Chem Biol. 2018 06; 14(6):538-541. PMID: 29769739.
- Published on 5/11/2018
Ji T, Zhang C, Zheng L, Dunaway-Mariano D, Allen KN. Structural Basis of the Molecular Switch between Phosphatase and Mutase Functions of Human Phosphomannomutase 1 under Ischemic Conditions. Biochemistry. 2018 06 26; 57(25):3480-3492. PMID: 29695157.
- Published on 3/26/2018
Beglov D, Hall DR, Wakefield AE, Luo L, Allen KN, Kozakov D, Whitty A, Vajda S. Exploring the structural origins of cryptic sites on proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 04 10; 115(15):E3416-E3425. PMID: 29581267.
- Published on 8/30/2017
Latham JA, Ji T, Matthews K, Mariano PS, Allen KN, Dunaway-Mariano D. Catalytic Mechanism of the Hotdog-Fold Thioesterase PA1618 Revealed by X-ray Structure Determination of a Substrate-Bound Oxygen Ester Analogue Complex. Chembiochem. 2017 10 05; 18(19):1935-1943. PMID: 28741300.
- Published on 7/8/2017
Jacobson AR, Adler M, Silvaggi NR, Allen KN, Smith GM, Fredenburg RA, Stein RL, Park JB, Feng X, Shoemaker CB, Deshpande SS, Goodnough MC, Malizio CJ, Johnson EA, Pellett S, Tepp WH, Tzipori S. Small molecule metalloprotease inhibitor with in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo efficacy against botulinum neurotoxin serotype A. Toxicon. 2017 Oct; 137:36-47. PMID: 28698055.
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