Carmela R. Abraham, PhD

Professor, Biochemistry

Carmela Abraham
617.638.4308
72 E. Concord St Silvio Conte (K)

Biography

Our laboratory studies the molecular mechanisms leading to normal brain aging and the pathological processes that culminate in Alzheimer’s disease. We utilize the rhesus monkey as a model for understanding changes that occur during non-pathological aging. With microarray analysis we identified genes that play crucial roles in brain dysfunction leading to cognitive decline. An example is Klotho, a cytoprotective, anti-aging protein. We found that Klotho expression is considerably decreased in the aged brains of monkeys, rats, and mice. We are now working to comprehensively characterize the role of Klotho in normal aging and disease. Our projects are to identify Klotho receptors in the brain and define the signaling pathways by which Klotho exerts its protective effects. We are also studying Klotho’s transcriptional regulation and have identified compounds to therapeutically exploit these protective effects. Another line of investigation in our lab is to understand the biology of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), the parent protein of the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), which accumulates in the brains of Alzheimer’s disease patients and causes irreversible neurodegeneration. Certain mutations in APP result in autosomal dominant, early onset familial Alzheimer’s disease due to the increased production of Abeta. Since APP homodimerization is believed to be involved in Abeta formation in the brain we searched and identified molecules capable of intervening in this process to reduce the levels of toxic Abeta peptide in the brain.

Other Positions

  • Professor, Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, Boston University School of Medicine
  • Graduate Faculty (Primary Mentor of Grad Students), Boston University School of Medicine, Graduate Medical Sciences

Education

  • Harvard University, PhD
  • Tel Aviv University (TAU), BSc

Publications

  • Published on 3/7/2018

    Ikezu T, Chen C, DeLeo AM, Zeldich E, Fallin MD, Kanaan NM, Lunetta KL, Abraham CR, Logue MW, Farrer LA. Tau Phosphorylation is Impacted by Rare AKAP9 Mutations Associated with Alzheimer Disease in African Americans. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2018 Jun; 13(2):254-264. PMID: 29516269.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/22/2018

    Robinson AA, Abraham CR, Rosene DL. Candidate molecular pathways of white matter vulnerability in the brain of normal aging rhesus monkeys. Geroscience. 2018 02; 40(1):31-47. PMID: 29357021.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 1/19/2018

    Chen CD, Zeldich E, Li Y, Yuste A, Abraham CR. Activation of the Anti-Aging and Cognition-Enhancing Gene Klotho by CRISPR-dCas9 Transcriptional Effector Complex. J Mol Neurosci. 2018 Feb; 64(2):175-184. PMID: 29352444.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 3/22/2016

    Abraham CR, Mullen PC, Tucker-Zhou T, Chen CD, Zeldich E. Klotho Is a Neuroprotective and Cognition-Enhancing Protein. Vitam Horm. 2016; 101:215-38. PMID: 27125744.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 6/12/2015

    Zeldich E, Chen CD, Avila R, Medicetty S, Abraham CR. The Anti-Aging Protein Klotho Enhances Remyelination Following Cuprizone-Induced Demyelination. J Mol Neurosci. 2015 Oct; 57(2):185-96. PMID: 26067431.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 2/11/2015

    Dubal DB, Zhu L, Sanchez PE, Worden K, Broestl L, Johnson E, Ho K, Yu GQ, Kim D, Betourne A, Kuro-O M, Masliah E, Abraham CR, Mucke L. Life extension factor klotho prevents mortality and enhances cognition in hAPP transgenic mice. J Neurosci. 2015 Feb 11; 35(6):2358-71. PMID: 25673831.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 8/20/2014

    Chen CD, Tung TY, Liang J, Zeldich E, Tucker Zhou TB, Turk BE, Abraham CR. Identification of cleavage sites leading to the shed form of the anti-aging protein klotho. Biochemistry. 2014 Sep 2; 53(34):5579-87. PMID: 25110992.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 7/29/2014

    Jun G, Asai H, Zeldich E, Drapeau E, Chen C, Chung J, Park JH, Kim S, Haroutunian V, Foroud T, Kuwano R, Haines JL, Pericak-Vance MA, Schellenberg GD, Lunetta KL, Kim JW, Buxbaum JD, Mayeux R, Ikezu T, Abraham CR, Farrer LA. PLXNA4 is associated with Alzheimer disease and modulates tau phosphorylation. Ann Neurol. 2014 Sep; 76(3):379-92. PMID: 25043464.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 7/18/2014

    Zeldich E, Chen CD, Colvin TA, Bove-Fenderson EA, Liang J, Tucker Zhou TB, Harris DA, Abraham CR. The neuroprotective effect of Klotho is mediated via regulation of members of the redox system. J Biol Chem. 2014 Aug 29; 289(35):24700-15. PMID: 25037225.

    Read at: PubMed
  • Published on 6/8/2014

    Chen CD, Li H, Liang J, Hixson K, Zeldich E, Abraham CR. The anti-aging and tumor suppressor protein Klotho enhances differentiation of a human oligodendrocytic hybrid cell line. J Mol Neurosci. 2015 Jan; 55(1):76-90. PMID: 24907942.

    Read at: PubMed

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