Workshop C

Demystifying ChatGPT: Using ChatGPT to Supplement Library Resources in Biomedical Research

Carly Schanock, MLIS

Alumni Medical Library


ChatGPT is a recently introduced AI tool that has raised questions about how it can appropriately be used in research. Despite ethical concerns, AI cannot be kept out of the classroom or medical research. This session aims to deconstruct misconceptions held by faculty, staff, and students about ChatGPT and demonstrate how it can be used as a supplement to existing library resources. Participants will learn the ways ChatGPT can help perform medical research, along with the limitations it has as a natural language processing tool.

Target Audience:

Faculty, staff, and students that perform research

Learning Objectives:

  • Define ChatGPT
  • Describe how ChatGPT works
  • Identify when ChatGPT can supplement library resources
  • Identify the limitations of ChatGPT

Session Outline:

Poll Everywhere to survey starting knowledge of ChatGPT (5 minutes)

Preactivity (5 minutes): How can you foresee ChatGPT assisting with your research? Write a prompt based on this.

ChatGPT (25 minutes):

  • Define GPT and explain how ChatGPT works.
  • Explain and demonstrate the strengths Chat GPT.
    • Define terms
    • Provide synonyms
    • Translate a research question into a PICO format
  • Explain and demonstrate the limitations of ChatGPT
    • Cannot access resources behind paywalls
    • Cannot access controlled vocabulary thesauruses
    • Creates hallucinations—AI Libguide
    • Journal policies that ban it as a co-author

Supplement to library resources (25 minutes):

  • Use Chat GPT to create a PICO question based off a pre-selected research question
  • Writing a search string, use ChatGPT to generate synonyms/keywords
  • Language translation
  • Simplify or summarize dense, technical language
  • Format citations

Hands-on work (10 minutes):

  • Rewrite your prompt
  • Demonstrate one way you would use ChatGPT to supplement your research

Group discussion/Questions (20 minutes)