Areas of Clinical Excellence

Inpatient Diabetes Unit

Outpatient Diabetes Unit

Thyroid Unit

Vitamin D and Bone Metabolism Unit

Androgen Unit

Pituitary Unit

Center for Obesity and Weight Management

Center for Sex Hormone Therapy


The consolidated clinic which integrates Endocrinology, Diabetes, Nutrition and Weight Management was established in September, 2001 and is a state of the art 4,500 square foot facility permitting complete endocrine, nutrition and weight management evaluation with spacious examining rooms, two thyroid ultrasound and biopsy rooms, procedure room, bone densitometry, patient education and conference room, phlebotomy room, and rooms for dietary and diabetes teaching dieticians and nurses. Ms. Jennifer Fosbroke is the Practice Manager, Ms. Cassie Wholley, is the Endocrine Nurse Supervisor, Ms. Andrea Grey is the Endocrine Nurse, and Ms. Barbara Jarvis, Mary Rushton, Ms. Pat Hanrahan provide diabetes education and care. Therese Davis, Alicia Pulido, Cecily Pettijohn, and Joseph Frantz Similien are the Medical Assistants.

The Center for Weight Management and Nutrition includes physicians, dieticians, nurse practitioners and an exercise specialist. The center provides medical consultation (Drs. Apovian and Istfan) in the area of obesity, nutritional disorders, gastric bypass surgery (Dr. Donald Hess), and diabetes (Dr. Elliot Sternthal, Dr. Neil Ruderman).

The Section continues to provide outstanding clinical service in the diagnosis and management of bone disease and calcium disorders under the direction of Drs. Michael Holick and Alan Malabanan. State-of-the-art bone density and body composition evaluations on normal and morbidly obese patients are now carried out in the clinic on demand, a service currently not available elsewhere in Greater Boston. Free bone density screenings are offered to anyone including staff, patients or visitors to BMC. Finally, Dr. Malabanan provides the professional interpretation of the bone density exams performed at BMC and a mobile unit available at our community health centers.

Drs. Braverman, Lee, Safer, and Pearce offer nationally and internationally recognized expertise in diseases of the thyroid in the Thyroid Diagnostic and Treatment Center. The Thyroid Center offers comprehensive medical evaluation and medical and surgical therapies of diseases of the thyroid. In our clinic, thyroid ultrasounds are available on site to further assess thyroid size and nodularity and adenopathy. The ultrasound is also utilized to assist in fine needle aspiration biopsies of thyroid nodules and cervical adenopathy. Drs. Braverman and Lee offer special expertise in radioactive iodine therapy of hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer. Drs. Lee and Braverman are two of a few endocrinologists who directly administer radioactive iodine to patients. Together they have more than 70 years of experience with radioactive iodine therapies. Dr. Lee has developed a radioactive iodine dosimetry program for maximal dose I-131 therapy of advanced thyroid carcinoma. This is one of only a dozen programs in the country to provide extremely high dose radioactive iodine therapy for life threatening thyroid malignancies. Drs. Braverman and Lee’s expertise in thyroid disease has made our hospital a national and international referral center for patients with complicated thyroid disease. The endocrinologists and surgeons (Dr. David McAneny (Surgery), Dr. Gregory Grillone (ENT), and Dr. Michael Stone (Surgery) work closely to ensure excellent coordinated care of patients who require surgical treatment of their thyroid disease.

The diabetes clinical service has greatly expanded under the direction of Dr. Elliot Sternthal. Under the leadership of our certified diabetes nurse educator, Ms. Barbara Jarvis, our ADA accredited Clinical Diabetes Education Program successfully completed a re-evaluation and certification. In 2006, we added a third diabetes educator, Mary Rushton, to the team of Patrician Hanrahan, NP, and Barbara Jarvis, RN for inpatient and outpatient diabetes education. Ms. Patricia Hanrahan, NP has established an insulin pump and continuous glucose monitoring service at BMC. In 2005, Dr. Marie McDonnell and Patricia Hanrahan, NP successfully initiated a comprehensive Inpatient Diabetes Management Service and guidelines for intensive management of diabetes in the surgical and medical intensive care units. The Adult Inpatient Diabetes Program is designed to meet current national standards for glycemic control in patients hospitalized at Boston Medical Center. The program recognizes that, with the rising prevalence of insulin resistance due to conditions such as obesity and the metabolic syndrome, the number of inpatients with known diabetes, as well as unknown diabetes, is expected to rise. Moreover, expert opinion and clinical research have identified hyperglycemia as a factor that increases length of stay, hospital complications, and even inpatient mortality. Dr. McDonnell and Patricia Hanrahan, NP, CDE work together as a physician-nurse practitioner team to optimize the care of this large patient population, both in the hospital, and following discharge to the outpatient clinics. The central Goals of the program include the following:

In all Critical Care Units:
• Support the safe and effective use of one insulin infusion protocol in all ICUs

• Directly assist with glycemic control in the CCU

• Develop a “transition off drip” protocol for use in the BMC electronic order entry system

• Develop insulin protocols for special populations: e.g. high dose steroids

• Develop a hospital-wide critical pathway for Hyperglycemic Crisis (DKA, HHS)

On all Medical, Surgical, Ob/Gyn units:
• Promote patient-appropriate insulin prescribing in the hospital

• Improve glycemic control on the floors (fbg 80-110, pp < +180)

• Dedicated consultation service for education and management of patients with diabetes

• Advocation for patients with diabetes, especially those using special therapies (e.g. pump patients, new insulins)

• Improve inpatient transition to home & to their primary physician

• Develop “New Onset Diabetes Pathway” for use in BMC’s electronic order entry system

An essential element of the program is the education of nurses, physicians and patients. A major source of the necessary education comes from the members of the newly-formed Endocrine subcommittee of the Pharmacy and Therapeutics hospital committee. This is a multidisciplinary group of health care professionals led by former chief medical resident Dr. Peter Smith with members from the department of pharmacy (Lindsay Arnold, PharmD), nursing, information technology, the Internal Medicine Residency and the Section of Endocrinology. The initial group was founded in the Fall of 2004 and made official in 2005 to reach the goal of safe and effective insulin therapy for all inpatients with hyperglycemia. Their efforts have resulted in new insulin order sets for use in the Sunrise electronic order-entry system which guide physicians to choose appropriate insulin regimens for inpatients with hyperglycemia. These order sets have been introduced to a cohort of nurses, nurse educators and pharmacists, and have been approved by Medication Safety Committee. They will be “on line” in early July, 2005, and fully supported by the Inpatient Diabetes Program.

Lastly, in collaboration with BMC’s pharmacy and information technology, a plan is in place to continuously evaluate the diabetes-related clinical outcomes in our patient population. The data from this ongoing project will be invaluable for both internal and general knowledge about the management of patients with diabetes and hyperglycemia at Boston Medical Center.

This team will directly manage all patients with hyperglycemia in all intensive care units of the BMC (medical and surgical) and to transition to the floors to improve medical outcome. The diabetes service has been working with the high-risk prenatal obstetrics group at BMC to manage pregnant women with diabetes mellitus.

Drs. Robert Levin has continued to provide superb endocrine care in general endocrinology and Paget’s disease. Dr. Thomas Moore provides special expertise in endocrine hypertension and general endocrinology.

Dr. Bhasin has initiated a specialized program in Men’s Health that specializes in sexual dysfunction and androgen deficiency in men and women. When fully developed, this program will provide multi-disciplinary team approach to management of reproductive disorders in men.

Our faculty has expanded its clinical activities to other sites. We are participating in endocrine clinics at the East Boston Health Center, the Brockton VA Hospital, the Bedford VA Hospital, MIT Medical Clinic and Harvard – Vanguard Medical Associates (HVMA) and providing nutrition consultations at the Jewish Memorial Hospital.

May 28, 2010
Primary teaching affiliate
of BU School of Medicine