With roots tracing back to 1857, the Department is internationally recognized for its strong research programs in neuroscience and its innovative discoveries over the past 50 years. These discoveries include: the characterization of fine structural components of neurons (spines, axons, myelin); seminal descriptions of the neuroanatomical features of autism and dyslexia; discovery of the preservation of cortical neurons but damage to myelin in normal aging, and; the mapping of the constituents, organization and connectivity of neocortical circuits. Within our laboratories faculty, PhD and Masters students conduct research using state-of-art methodologies, and through the Department’s unique Vesalius Program led by our award-winning faculty, students are trained to become highly effective and innovative educators in the biomedical sciences.