With roots tracing back to 1886, the Department is nationally recognized for its strong research programs in neuroscience and its innovative discoveries over the past 50 years. These discoveries include: The identification of fine structural components of neurons (spines, axons, myelin); seminal structural descriptions of the neuroanatomical features of autism and dyslexia; mapping of the organization and connectivity of neocortical circuits; discovery of the preservation of cortical neurons but damage to myelin in normal aging; and the identification of the unique pattern of memory loss in Alzheimer’s Disease. Within these laboratories our PhD and Masters students conduct research using state-of-art methodologies, and through the Department’s unique Vesalius Program, under the guidance of our record award-winning faculty, are trained to become the next generation of highly effective and innovative educators in the biomedical sciences.