Jyh-Chang Jean, Ph.D.
Faculty and Fellows
Research Assistant Professor of Medicine
College/Undergraduate Education: Taipei Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan, R. O. C., Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology, 1983
Graduate Schools: University of Massachusetts, Lowell, Massachusetts, Master of Arts in Biology, 1988
Boston University School of Medicine, Doctor of Philosophy in Biochemistry, 1994. Thesis: Genomic Cloning and Regulation of the Rat Lysozyme Gene.
Post-doctoral Fellowship: The Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine
- Transcriptional Regulation of Gene Expression
- Analysis of Differential Gene Expression in Cells and Tissues
My major interest is the regulation of gene expression by transcriptional mechanisms and the analysis of differential gene expression between cells under different oxygen conditions and lung tissue at different times during development. I recently utilized differential display to identify genes expressed in the MLE lung epithelial cell line under hypoxic conditions. Of the several clones that were selected for induction in hypoxia, the one with the most robust response tuned out to be the gene for the brain specific aldolase C isoform. I characterized the mechanism of up-regulation in hypoxia and showed it to be hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) dependent. I made the novel observation that the hypoxia response element (HRE) was located within a region of the proximal aldolase C promoter that is also involved with brain-specific expression. This HRE is shared among the aldolase C genes of rats, mice, chimpanzees, humans and frogs suggesting that this mechanism is evolutionarily preserved among species. Aldolase C mRNA expression is developmentally regulated in the fetal lung, rapidly down-regulated at birth but inducible in adult lung exposed to hypoxia. This regulation does not occur in the brain. Current work is focused on a clone that was robustly activated in MLE cells exposed to hyperoxia. This clone is highly related to a RIKEN transcript that in involved with cell proliferation.
I have also used suppression subtractive hybridization to identify differentially expressed genes in the late fetal compared to the newborn rat lung. About 60 clones were selected from this screen and we have now confirmed and characterized three in detail. In general, this screen suggested that genes involved with matrix production, apoptosis, cell proliferation and response to stress, including oxidant stress and nutrient limitation, were up-regulated in the newborn lung. The first gene characterized was that for testis-enhanced gene transcript, TEGT. We characterized two alternative TATA-less promoters that regulated this gene and showed that the proximal one was testis-specific and the distal one was ubiquitously expressed and developmentally regulated in the perinatal lung. The TEGT gene is now known to function as an inhibitor of Bax-mediated apoptosis and is also known as Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1) . Apoptosis is believed to play a role in cell survival at birth. The second gene was fibulin-5 , a recently characterized member of the fibulin-5 family that is essential for elastogenesis. We showed that fibulin-5 is developmentally regulated in the perinatal lung and re-activated in the adult lung following injury. The fibulin-5 knock out develops lung emphysema confirming a central role for this gene in lung development. Current work shows that fibulin-5 mRNA expression is up-regulated by TGF-beta in a SMAD dependent fashion and down-regulated by the inflammatory cytokine IL-1beta. The gene appears important for lung repair following injury and its inhibition by inflammation could contribute to lung emphysema. The third gene is the oxidant stress responsive transcription factor Nrf2. The up-regulation of Nrf2 in the newborn period suggested that the lung was responding to oxidant stress at birth. This is supported by changes in the lung glutathione redox ratio. Nrf2 functions to activate genes involved in a cell survival response to oxidant stress and the Nrf2 kncko out lung is now known to be more sensitive to oxidant stress and lung cell injury in a variety of mouse models of lung injury. Overall the insights gained from these studies in the newborn lung may be relevant to injury and repair in the adult lung.
- JC Jean, J Lu, M Joyce-Brady , WV Cardoso, Regulation of Fgf10 Gene Expression in Murine Mesenchymal Cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 103: 1886-1892, 2008
- MH Lowry, BP McAllister, LAS Brown, S Amar , WW Cruickshank, JC Jean , and M Joyce-Brady . Lung Lining Fluid Glutathione Attenuates IL-13- Induced Asthma. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 38:509-516, 2008 .
- JC Jean, C Richand M Joyce-Brady. Hypoxia induces brain-specific Aldolase C by a HIF-1 dependent mechanism in lung epithelial cells. American Journal of Physiology Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology . 291: L950-956. 2006.
- PP Kuang, M Joyce-Brady , XH Zhang, JC Jean and Ronald H. Goldstein. Fibulin-5 Gene Expression in Human Lung Fibroblasts Is Regulated by TGF-ß and Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity. American Journal of Physiology : Cell Physiology. 291 (6): C1412-1421. 2006.
- George, E., A Spira, M Passero, G Liu, Y Liu, JS Brody, JC Jean and M Joyce-Brady. 2004 . Klf4 is transiently activated by oxidant stress at birth and may regulate mesenchymal lung cell genes required for postnatal lung development. Amer J Resp Critical Care Medicine 169: A661.
- Lowry, MH, JC Jean, Y Liu and M. Joyce Brady. 2004 . Dynamic mucin gene expression in mouse lung, trachea and liver under oxidant stress. Amer J Resp Critical Care Medicine 169: A540.
- Kuang, PP., RH Goldstein, Y Liu , DC Rishikof, JC Jean and M Joyce-Brady. 2003 . Coordinate Expression of Fibulin-5/DANCE and elastin during lung injury repair. American Journal of Physiology Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 282: L75-L82.
- Jean JC, Y Liu and M Joyce-Brady. 2003 . The Importance of Gamma-glutamyl Transferase in Lung Glutathione Homeostasis and Antioxidant Defense. Biofactors. 17 (1-4): 161-173.
- Joyce-Brady M, Y Liu, RE Marc and JC Jean. 2002 . The Importance of Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase in Lung Glutathione Homeostasis and Antioxidant Defense. In: NATO Science Series on Thiol metabolism and Redox regulation of cellular functions” (Eds A Pompella, G Banhegyi, M Wellman-Rousseau), IOS Press, pp. 182-196.
- Jean JC, Y Liu, Marc RE, LAS Brown, E Klings, M Joyce-Brady. 2002 . Gamma-glutamyl transferase Deficiency Results in Lung Oxidant Stress in Normoxia. American Journal of Physiology Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 283: L766-L776.
- Jean JC, I Eruchalu, Y Cao and M Joyce-Brady. 2002 . DANCE in Developing and Injured Lung. American Journal of Physiology Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. 282: L75-L82.
- Joyce-Brady M, JC Jean and RP Hughey. 2001 . Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase and its isoform mediate an endoplasmic reticulum stress response. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276: 9468-9477.
- Cao, Y.X., Jean, J.C., and Williams, MC. 2000 . Cytosine methylation of an Sp1 site contributes to organ and cell-specific expression of the lung alveolar epithelial gene T1a. Biochemical Journal 350 (Pt 3): 883-890.
- Jean, JC, Sean M. Oakes and Martin Joyce-Brady. 1999 . The Bax Inhibitor-1 Gene is Differentially Regulated in Adult Testis and Developing Lung by Two Alternative TATA-less Promoters. Genomics. 57: 201-208.
- Jean, JC, CO Harding, SM Oakes, Q. Yu and M. Joyce-Brady. 1999 . GGT Deficiency in the GGTenu1 Mouse results from a single point mutation that leads to a stop codon in the first coding exon of GGT mRNA. Mutagenesis. 14 (1): 331-36.
- Jean, J. C., Reidel, N. and Brody, J.S. 1994 . Genomic Cloning and Regulation of the Rat Lysozyme Gene. (doctoral dissertation).
- Regulation of Fgf10 Gene Expression in Murine Mesenchymal Cells
- Hypoxia induces brain-Hypoxia results in an HIF-1-dependent induction of brain-specific aldolase C in lung epithelial cells
- The Bax Inhibitor-1 Gene Is Differentially Regulated in Adult Testis and Developing Lung by Two Alternative TATA-less Promoters
- DANCE in developing and injured lung
- Gamma-Glutamyl transferase deficiency results in lung oxidant stress in normoxia