Program Publications, Grants and Presentations

Grant Funding

G.W. Reinecke, co-PI: Evaluation of The Use of A Contactless, Three-Dimensional Scanner for the Collecting postmortem fingerprints from unidentified human remains. National Institute of Justice.

G.W. Reinecke, co-PI: SBIR Phase I:  Evaluation of The Use of A Contactless, Three-Dimensional Scanner for the Collection of Various Fingerprint Impressions. National Science Foundation, Grant 1621938, 07/01/2016-06/30/2017.

G.W. Reinecke, co-PI: Evaluation of the Use of a Non-Contact, 3D Scanner for Collecting Post Mortem Fingerprints, National Institute of Justice. 12/01/2015 – 04/30/2016

J.T. Pokines, co-PI:  The Druze Marsh Paleolithic Project:  An Archaeological and Paleoecological Study of a Desert Oasis in NW Jordan.  Social Science and Humanities Research Council of  Canada (SSHRC) Standard Research Grant. 5/2012-6/2016.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Pokines, J. T., N. Appel, C. Pollock, C. J. Eck, A. G. Maki, A. S. Joseph, L. Cadwell, C. D. Young (in press) Anatomical taphonomy at the source: Alterations to a sample of 84 teaching skulls at a medical school.Journal of Forensic Identification.

Santana, S, Bethard, JD and Moore TL. (In Press). Accuracy of dental age in non-adults: a comparison of two methods for age-estimation using radiographs of developing teeth. Journal of Forensic Sciences. DOI:10.1111/1556-4029.13434

Pokines, J. T. and C. Pollock (in press) The small scavenger guild of Massachusetts, U.S.A.  Forensic Anthropology.

Pokines, J. T., C. J. Eck, and M. E. Sharpe (2017)  Sources of skeletal remains at a chief medical examiner’s office:  Who finds the bones?  Journal of Forensic Identification 67(2):278-299.

Pokines, J. T., R. Sussman, M. Gough, C. Ralston, E. McLeod, K. Brun, A. Kearns, and T. L. Moore (2017) Taphonomic analysis of Rodentia and Lagomorpha bone gnawing based upon incisor size.  Journal of Forensic Sciences. 62(1):50-66. DOI:10.1111/1556-4029.13254.

Newcomb, A, Pokines, J, and Moore, TL. (2017) Taphonomic Effects of Mechanical Plowing on Buried Juvenile Remains, Journal of Forensic Sciences. 62(1):67-73DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.13259.

Yucha, J. P., J. T. Pokines, and E. J. Bartelink (2017) A comparative taphonomic analysis of 24 trophy skulls from modern forensic cases. Journal of Forensic Sciences.DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.13426.

Brennaman, A., K. Love-Myers, J. Bethard, and J. T. Pokines (2017) A Bayesian approach to age-at-death estimation from osteoarthritis of the shoulder in modern North Americans.  Journal of Forensic Sciences 62(3):573-584. DOI:  10.1111/1556-4029.13327.

Voss, S., Magni, P.A., Dadour, I.R., Nansen, C. (2016).  Reflectance-based determination of age and species of blowfly puparia. International Journal of Legal Medicine doi:10.1007/s00414-016-1458-5

McIntosh, C.S., Dadour, I.R. & Voss, S.C. A comparison of carcass decomposition and associated insect succession onto burnt and unburnt pig carcasses Int J Legal Med (2016). doi:10.1007/s00414-016-1464-7

Nowell, A., C. Walker, C. E. Cordova, C. J. H. Ames, J. T. Pokines, D. Stueber, R. DeWitt, and A. S. A. al-Souliman (2016) Middle Pleistocene subsistence in the Azraq Oasis, Jordan:  Protein residue and other proxies.  Journal of Archaeological Science 72:36-44.

Agaian, S.S, Yeole, R.D., Mulawka, M., Troy, M. and Reinecke, G.W. (2016).  Missing data reconstruction using Gaussuan mixture models for fingerprint images. Mobile Multimedia Image Processing, Security and Applications, 9869, 1-13.

Pokines, J. T., S. Santana, J. Hellar, P. Bian, A. Downs, N. Wells, and M. Price (2016). The taphonomic effects of eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) gnawing upon bone.  Journal of Forensic Identification, 66(4):349-375.

Magni, PA., Dhaliwal, SS., Dadour, IR (2016) Effect of Continuous and Cyclic Exposure to a Cold Environment on the Development of Larvae of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Different Sized Larval Masses. J Med Entomol (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjw036 First published online: 25 April 2016

Pokines, J. T. R. King, D. Graham, A. Costello, D. Adams, J. Pendray, K. Rao, and D. Siwek. (2016). The effects of experimental freeze-thaw cycles to bone as a component of subaerial weathering.  Journal of Archaeological Science:  Reports. 6:594-602.

Pokines, J. T. and K. Springer (2016) A case of localized corrosion on bone caused by chemical contact. Journal of Forensic Identification 66(3):173-186.

Pokines, J. T. and J. De La Paz (2016) Recovery rates of human fetal skeletal remains using varying mesh sizes.  Journal of Forensic Sciences 61(S1):S184-S189.  DOI:  10.1111/1556-4029.12922.

Pokines, J. T., D. P. Zinni, and K. Crowley (2016) Taphonomic patterning of cemetery remains received at the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Boston, Massachusetts.  Journal of Forensic Sciences 61(S1):S71-S81.  DOI:  10.1111/1556-4029.12902.

Magni, P.A., Pazzi, M., Vincenti, M., Alladio, E., Brandimarte, M., Dadour, I.R. (2016) Development and validation of a GC-MS method for nicotine detection in Calliphora vomitoria (L.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). In Press, Forensic Science International.

Pokines, J. T. (2016) Taphonomic alterations to terrestrial surface-deposited human osseous remains in a New England, U.S.A. Environment. Journal of Forensic Identification, 66 (1):59-78.

L’Abbé, E. N., S. A. Symes, J. T. Pokines, L. L. Cabo, K. E. Stull, S. Kuo,D. E. Raymonds, P. S. Randolph-Quinney, and L. R. Berger (in press). A fatal fall from height, the cause of death of Malapa Hominins 1 and 2.  Nature Scientific Reports,5:15120. DOI: 10.1038/srep15120.

Pokines, J. T. and C. J. H. Ames (2015) Weathering and dispersal of a cattle (Bos taurus) carcass in the desert of eastern Jordan over a six-year interval.  Accepted by Journal of Taphonomy.

Pokines, J. T. and N. Higgs (2015) Macroscopic taphonomic alterations to human bone in marine environments. Journal of Forensic Identification, 65:953-984.

Nansen, C., Ribeiro, L.P., Dadour, I., Roberts, J.D. (2015). Detection of temporal changes in insect body reflectance in response to killing agents. PLoSONE 10(4):e0124866.doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0124866

Magni, P.A., Voss, S., Testi, R., Borrini, M. and Dadour, I.R (2015). A biological and procedural review of forensically significant Dermestes species (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). Journal of medical Entomology, 1–15, DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjv106

Pokines, J. T. (2015) Taphonomic alterations by the rodent species woodland vole (Microtus pinetorum) upon human skeletal remains.  Forensic Science International http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.08.020.

Pokines, J. T. (2015) Identification of nonhuman remains received in a medical examiner setting.  Journal of Forensic Identification 65:223-246.

Pokines, J. T. (2015) Taphonomic characteristics of former anatomical teaching specimens received at a Medical Examiner’s office, MA.  Journal of Forensic Identification 65:173-195.

Pokines, J. T. (2015) A procedure for processing outdoor surface forensic scenes yielding skeletal remains among leaf litter.  Journal of Forensic Identification 65:161-172.

Pokines, J. T. (2015) A Santería/Palo Mayombe ritual cauldron containing a human skull and multiple artifacts recovered in western Massachusetts, U.S.A.  Forensic Science International 248:e1-e7.

Pokines, J. T. and C. J. H. Ames (2015) Test excavations at Wadi Zarqa Ma’in 1, a natural sinkhole faunal trap site, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.  Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 373:121-137.

Pokines, J. T., D. P. Zinni, and K. Crowley (2015) Taphonomic patterning of cemetery remains received at the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Boston, Massachusetts.  Journal of Forensic Sciences.  DOI:  10.1111/1556-4029.12902.

Boaks, A., Siwek, D.S., Mortazavi, F. (2014). The temproal degradation of bone collagen: A histochemical approach. Forensic Science International, (240), 104-110.

Siwek, D.S., and Reinecke, G. W. (2014). Relaxation of clenched digits in cadaveric hands to facilitate the recovery of postmortem friction ridge impressions. Journal of Forensic Identification, 64 (1), 13-17.

Ames, C. J. H., A. Nowell, C. E. Cordova, J. T. Pokines, and M. S. Bisson (2014) Paleoenvironmental change and settlement dynamics in the Druze Marsh:  Results of recent excavation at an open-air Paleolithic site.  Quaternary International 331:60-73.

Pokines, J. T. (2014) Mammalian microfaunal remains from Khonkho Wankane (Late Formative Period), Mollo Kontu (Middle Horizon Period), and Pukara de Khonkho (Late Intermediate Period) in the Bolivian altiplano.  International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 24:505-516.

Pokines, J. T. (2013) Avian remains from Khonkho Wankane, an urban and ceremonial center in the southern Lake Titicaca Altiplano.  International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 23:746-756.

Cordova, C. E., A. Nowell, M. Bisson, C. J. H. Ames, J. T. Pokines, M. Chang, and M. al-Nahar (2013) Interglacial and glacial desert refugia and the Middle Paleolithic of the Azraq Basin, Jordan.  Quaternary International 300:94-110.

Pokines, J. T. (2013) Herpetofaunal remains from Khonkho Wankane, an urban and ceremonial centre in the southern Lake Titicaca Altiplano:  Unique behavioural correlates to osseous taphonomy.  International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 23:475-484.

Bethard, J.D.  and Seet, B.L. Sex Determination from the Second Cervical Vertebra: A Test of Wescott’s Method on a Modern American Sample.” Journal of Forensic Sciences 58(3)101-103.

Wilson, R.J., Bethard, J.D. and DiGangi, E.A. (2012) The Use of Orthopedic Surgical Devices for Forensic Identification. Journal of Forensic Sciences 56(2):460-469.

Presentations

Eck, C., C. Pollock, N. Appel, J. T. Pokines, L. Cadwell, A. S. Joseph, A. Maki, and C. Young (2017) Alterations to a sample of teaching skulls at Boston University School of Medicine..  Poster presented at the 12th John McCahan Medical Campus Education Day, 31 May 3017, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.

Cordova, C., A. Nowell, C. J. J. Ames, J. T. Pokines, and A. Al-Suliman.  The environmental context of the Middle Pleistocene occupation at the Shishan Marsh, Azraq, Jordan.  Paper presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology 30 March 2017, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Nowell, A., D. Stueber, C. J. H. Ames, C. Cordova, and J. T. Pokines.  In small things remembered: Acheulian small tool assemblages at Shishan March (Jordan).  Paper presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology 30 March 2017, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Pokines, J. T., A. Nowell, and C. J. H. Ames.  Faunal remains from recent excavations at Shishan Marsh 1 (SM1), a Late Lower Paleolithic open-air site in the Azraq Wetlands, Jordan.  Paper presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology 30 March 2017, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Pollock, C. R., J. T. Pokines, and J. D. Bethard.  Organic staining on bone.  Poster presented at the 69th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 15 February, New Orleans, LA.

Berger, J. M., J. T. Pokines, and T. L. Moore.  Reciprocating saws as tools of dismemberment.  Poster presented at the 69th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 16 February 2017, New Orleans, LA.

Peschel, EP Bethard, JD and Beaudry, MC (2015) Foreigners in Fröjel?: A Study of Mobility on a Viking Age Port of Trade in Gotland, Sweden. Podium presentation at the 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St. Louis, Missouri, March 25-28.

Bethard, JD, DiGangi, EA and Sullivan, LP. (2015) Distinguishing impairment from disability in the bioarchaeological record: An example from DeArmond mound (40RE12) in east Tennessee. Invited poster presented at the 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St. Louis, Missouri, March 25-28.

Rothwell, J, Hansen III, D., Bethard, JD, Gonciar, A and Nyaradi, Z. (2015) Legions of lesions: An examination of the severity and prevalence of dental caries in medieval Bögöz. Poster presented at the 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St. Louis, Missouri, March 25-28.

Nowell, A., D. Stueber, C. Cordova, J. T. Pokines, and C. Ames (2015) Getting blood from a stone:  Residue and use-wear analysis of bifaces from Shishan Marsh 1 (Jordan).  Paper to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the American School for Oriental Research, 18 November 2015, Atlanta, GA.

Kelmelis, K, Bethard, JD, Moore, TL and Boldsen, J. (2015) Buried within the abbey walls: paleopathological examination of leprosy. Poster presented at the 41st Annual North American Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, St. Louis, Missouri, March 24-25.

Cordova, C. E., A. Nowell, C. J. H. Ames, J. T. Pokines, R. DeWitt, and A. Al-Souliman (2015) Geoarchaeology of complex stratigraphic contexts in the Paleolithic of the Azraq-Shishan, Jordan:  A preliminary reconstruction of paleolandscapes.  Poster presented at the XIX INQUA Congress, 31 July 2015, Nagoya, Japan.

Nowell, A., D. Stueber, C. Cordova, J. T. Pokines, and C. Ames (2015) Getting blood from a stone:  Blood residue and use-wear analysis of bifaces from Shishan Marsh 1 (Azraq, Jordan).  Paper presented at the XIX INQUA Congress, 29 July 2015, Nagoya, Japan.

Brennaman, A. L., K. Love-Myers, J. D. Bethard, and J. T. Pokines (2015) Age estimation from osteoarthritis of the shoulder in modern North Americans.  Poster presented at the 84th
Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 28 March 2015, St. Louis, MO.

Adams, D., J. T. Pokines, and J. Bethard (2015) Odontometric differentiation between Southwest Hispanics, Native Americans, and European Americans.  Paper presented at the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 20 February 2015, Orlando, FL.

L’Abbé, E. N., S. A. Symes, P. Randolph-Quinney, J. T. Pokines, K. E. Stull, S. Kuo, and L. R. Berger (2014) Applying a biomechanical approach to the interpretation of skeletal trauma on bone fractures from the 1.98 Mya hominin, Australopithecus sediba.  Paper presented at the 42nd Anatomical Society of Southern Africa Congress, Stellenbosch, South Africa; 13 April 2014.

Bethard, JD, Osterholtz, AJ, Gonciar, A, and Nyaradi, Z (2014). Of Infants and Elderly: A Bioarchaeological Analysis of a 17th-Century Mortuary Context from Transylvania, Romania. Paper presented at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, TX, April 23-27.

Ames, C. J. H., A. Nowell, J. T. Pokines, and C. E. Cordova (2014) New evidence of Paleolithic occupation in the Shishan Marsh, Jordan:  Report on the 2013 field season of the Azraq Marshes Archaeological and Paleoecological Project.  Paper presented at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, 26 April 2014, Austin, TX.

Kalbe, J., C. Ames, A. Nowell, C. Cordova, and J. T. Pokines (2014) Pleistocene wetlands in the Jordan desert―Environmental reconstructions by ostracod and gastropod analysis.  Paper presented at the Middle Palaeolithic in the Desert II Conference, 11 December 2014, Bordeaux.

Randolph-Quinney, P., J. T. Pokines, S. A. Symes, E. N. L’Abbé, L. Backwell, J. Brophy, A. Parkinson, A. Val, R. Keeling, and L. Berger (2014) The Prodigal Child returns:  The application of forensic taphonomic analyses to palaeoanthropological assemblages—Case examples from the Malapa hominin deposit.  Paper presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle, WA.

Bethard, JD. Osterholtz, AJ, Gonciar, A, and Nyaradi, Z. (2014). A bioarchaeological study of childhood mortality in 17th century Transylvania. Poster presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Calgary, Alberta, April 8 – 12.

Fu, CA, Hensen, T, and Bethard, JD (2014). Validation Study of the Ubelaker and London Dental Atlases. Poster presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Calgary, Alberta, April 8 – 12.

Stuck, J, Wallace, S, and Bethard, JD, Gonciar, A and Nyaradi, Z (2014) The Mysterious Elder: A Bioarchaeological analysis of Burial 61 at Telekfalva, Harghita Romania. Poster presented at the 41st Annual North American Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, Calgary, Alberta, April 8-9.

Row, K, Bethard, JD, and Hall, AB (2014). Strontium Isotopes and Geolocation: The Pathway for Identification of Victims in Medellín, Colombia. Paper presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle WA, February 17-22.

Lustig, A, Bethard, JD, and Hall, AB (2014). The Analysis and Variance of Strontium Isotopes in a Forensic Context: Determination of Geolocation Reliability for a Modern New England Population. Paper presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle WA, February 17-22.

Osterholtz, AJ, Bethard, JD, Gonciar, A and Nyaradi, Z (2014). Possible Prenatal and Perinatal Scurvy at Telekfalva, Romania” by. Poster presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Calgary, Alberta, April 8 – 12.

Petersen, A. T., J. T. Pokines, and G. W. Reinecke (2014) Comparing feral pig and coyote scavenging and dispersal patterns in the greater Yosemite ecosystem, CA, USA.  Poster presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 20 February 2014, Seattle, WA.

De La Paz, JS, Bethard, JD, Hammers, JL and Berryman, HE (2014) Distinguishing Homicides and Suicides in Firearm Fatalities: The Role of Skeletal Trauma Analysis. Paper presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle WA, February 17-22.

Jones, M, Bethard, JD, Dudgeon, J and Holmer, M. (2014). Trace Element Analysis of Human Tooth Enamel by LA-ICP-MS for Estimating Region of Origin. Poster presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle WA, February 17-22.

Cordova, C. E., A. Nowell, M. Bisson, C. J. H. Ames, J. T. Pokines, M. Chang, and M. al-Nahar (2013) Interglacial and glacial desert refugia and the Middle Paleolithic of the Azraq Oasis, Jordan.  International Conference on the History and Archaeology of Jordan, 10 May 2013, Berlin, Germany.

Bethard, JD (2013). A bioarchaeological study of Inka resettlement dynamics: insight from biological distance analysis. Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Northeast Conference of Andean Archaeology and Ethnohistory, New Haven, CT, October 16-17.

Bethard, JD and DiGangi, EA. (2013). The Problem of Estimating Sex From the Skull: A Comparison of Methods Applied to a Modern Colombian Sample. Paper presented at the 65th Annual Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Washington, D.C., February 18 – 23.

Bethard, JD and Moore, MK (2013). The legacy of Dr. Karen Ramey Burns: a focus on the individual in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts. Poster presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Knoxville, TN, April 9 – 13.

Woods, K. N. and J. T. Pokines (2013) Analysis of nonhuman skeletal material received in a medical examiner setting.  Poster presented at the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 20 February 2013, Washington, DC.

Book Chapters:

Pokines, J. T. and M. A. Tersigni-Tarrant (2017) Forensic taphonomy. In Forensic Anthropology: An Introduction (2nd edition) ed. by M. A. Tersigni-Tarrant and N. R. Langley.CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 57-77.

Pokines, J. T. (in press) Pseudotrauma and taphonomy.  In Bone Fracture Interpretation in Anthropology and the Forensic Sciences ed. by S. A. Symes and E. N. L’Abbé.  Elsevier.

Pokines, J. T. and M. A. Tersigni-Tarrant (in press) Taphonomic processes:  Animal scavenging.  In Forensic Anthropology:  An Introduction (2nd edition) ed. by M. A. Tersigni-Tarrant and N. R. Shirley.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Gaither, C., Kent, J., Bethard, J.D., Vasquez, V.S. and Rosales, T.T. (In Press). Precious Gifts: Mortuary Patterns and the Shift from Animal to Human Sacrifice at Santa Rita B in the Middle Chao Valley, Peru. In H.D. Klaus and J.M. Toyne (Eds.), Reconstructing Sacrifice on the North Coast of Peru: Archaeological Studies of Ritual Violence in the Ancient Andes. University of Texas Press.

Kent, J.D., Tham, T.R., Sánchez, V.V., Gaither, C.M. and Bethard, J.D. “The Camelid Sacrifices of Santa Rita B: An Agropastoral Site in the Chao Valley, North Coastal Peru” In J. M.Capriles and N. Tripcevich (Eds.), The Archaeology of Andean Pastoralism. The University of New Mexico Press.

Bisson, M. S., A. Nowell, C. E. Cordova, M. Poupart, J. T. Pokines, and B. Ghaleb (2014) WE-2:  The Middle Paleolithic of the Wādī Al-‘Unqiyya Revisited.  In Prehistoric Jordan:  Recent and Future Research, edited by W. Finlayson and G. Rollefson.  Department of Antiquities, Amman, Jordan, pp. 35-47.

Higgs, N. and J. T. Pokines (2014) Marine environmental alterations to bone.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 143-179.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Junod, C. A. and J. T. Pokines (2014) Subaerial weathering.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 287-314.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Pokines, J. T. (2014) Introduction:  Collection of macroscopic osseous taphonomic data and the recognition of taphonomic characteristics.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 1-17.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Pokines, J. T. (2014) Faunal dispersal, aggregation, and gnawing damage to bone in terrestrial environments.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 201-248.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Pokines, J. T. and J. E. Baker (2014) Effects of burial environment on osseous remains.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 73-114.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Pokines, J. T. and J. E. Baker (2014) Effects of recovery methods.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 447-465.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Pokines, J. T. and S. E. Baker (2014) Avian taphonomy.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 427-446.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Pokines, J. T., J. Hoskins, C. J. H. Ames, G. A. Kravitz, and J. Beck (2014) Taphonomic and paleoecological investigations in the Paleolithic of Northern Jordan.  In Prehistoric Jordan:  Recent and Future Research, edited by W. Finlayson and G. Rollefson.  Department of Antiquities, Amman, Jordan, pp. 49-67.

Symes, S. A., E. N. L’Abbé, K. E. Stull, and M. LaCroix, and J. T. Pokines (2014) Taphonomy and the timing of bone fractures in trauma analysis.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 341-365.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Steven A. Symes, S. A., E. N. L’Abbé, J. T. Pokines, T. Yuzwa, D. Messer, A. Stromquist, and N. Keough (2014) Thermal alteration to bone.  Manual of Forensic Taphonomy ed. by J. T. Pokines and S. A. Symes, pp. 367-402.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Bethard, J.D. “Isotopes” In E.A. DiGangi, & M.K. Moore (Eds.), Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology. Academic Press.

Pokines, J. T. and M. A. Tersigni-Tarrant (2013) Taphonomic processes:  Animal scavenging.  In Forensic Anthropology:  An Introduction ed. by M. A. Tersigni-Tarrant and N. R. Shirley, pp. 325-338.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Reinecke, G.W. and Hochrein, Michael J. (2008)  Pieces of the Puzzle, the FBI Approach to Commingled Remains. In Analysis and Identification of Commingled Remains ed by Adams, B.J.and J. Byrd.  Totowa: Humana Press, 2008.

Books

Pokines, J. T. and S. A. Symes, editors (2014) Manual of Forensic Taphonomy.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 481 pp.