SEX DIFFERENCES IN ADIPOSE TISSUE BIOLOGY AND METABOLIC DISEASE
ARC DIRECTORS AND CO-DIRECTORS:
Susan K. Fried, PhD; Director; Professor; Medicine/ Endocrinology
Paul Pilch, PhD; Co-Director; Professor; Biochemistry
Sponsored by the Sex Differences in Adipose tissue and Obesity
Affinity Research Collaborative, Evans Center for Interdisciplinary Research.
“Physiological Impact of Adipose Tissue Dysfunction”
Philipp Scherer, PhD
Gifford O. Touchstone Jr. and Randolph G. Touchstone Distinguished Chair in Diabetes Research; Departments of Internal Medicine and Cell Biology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
4:30 PM; Wednesday, Sept 19, 2012
Auditorium, 670 Albany St., Boston MA 02118
Dr Scherer is a leader in the field of adipose tissue biology and obesity. He won the Outstanding Scientific Achievement Award – Lilly Award – American Diabetes Association (2005).
His most recent publications include:
1: Liu M, Xiang R, Wilk SA, Zhang N, Sloane LB, Azarnoush K, Zhou L, Chen H, Xiang G, Walter CA, Austad SN, Musi N, Defronzo RA, Asmis R, Scherer PE, Dong LQ, Liu F. Fat-Specific DsbA-L Overexpression Promotes Adiponectin Multimerization and Protects Mice From Diet-Induced Obesity and Insulin Resistance. Diabetes. 2012 Jul 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22807031.
2: Kusminski CM, Scherer PE. Mitochondrial dysfunction in white adipose tissue. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jul 9. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22784416. 3: Asterholm IW, McDonald J, Blanchard PG, Sinha M, Xiao Q, Mistry J, Rutkowski, JM, Deshaies Y, Brekken RA, Scherer PE. Lack of “immunological fitness” during fasting in metabolically challenged animals. J Lipid Res. 2012 Jul;53(7):1254-67.
Epub 2012 Apr 13. PubMed PMID: 22504909; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3371237 4: Sun K, Wernstedt Asterholm I, Kusminski CM, Bueno AC, Wang ZV, Pollard JW, Brekken RA, Scherer PE. Dichotomous effects of VEGF-A on adipose tissue dysfunction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Apr 10;109(15):5874-9. Epub 2012 Mar 26. PubMed PMID: 22451920; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3326476.
Contact the ARC Director: Dr. Susan Fried at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Please pass this notice along to any colleagues who might be interested.
OVERVIEW OF GOALS AND MISSION:
Sexually dymorphic patterns of fat distribution and remodeling correlate with risk for metabolic diseases. While central or upper body obesity, typical of males, increases risk for insulin resistance and cardiometabolic risk, the amount of lower body (gluteo-femoral adipose tissue) that is typical of pear-shaped women, independently diminishes risk. Our team of basic and translational researchers in Endocrinology, Biochemistry, Cardiology/vascular biology, cancer research/cell differentiation (BMC), and Bioinformatics (CRC) is poised address the basic mechanisms involved in regulating sex-specific patterns of fat distribution and metabolism. To address possible cell autonomous differences in male and female adipocytes, we propose fat transplantation studies. We will analyze the consequences of transplanting visceral and sc adipocyte tissue (or adipose precursors) to the peritoneal or sc compartment (female to female and female to male). Preliminary analysis will focus on establishing phenotypes of transplanted and endogenous adipose tissues (metabolic, blood flow, gene expression, histology, innervation, remodeling/inflammation) and the animal (glucose tolerance, circulating factors). We will also initiate characterization of human M and F derived adipose precursors in vitro and after transplantation. To guide our work, we will also conduct specialized bioinformatics analysis of sex-biased gene networks in our existing datasets. To foster the application of new technologies (e.g epigenetic, proteomics, metabolomics, genomic, hESC) to address questions that arise as we gather data, we will continue group meetings with presentations by ARC members and guests. This ARC project should expand existing collaborations in novel directions and establish new interdisciplinary ones for PPGs.
|Name/Title||Dept/School||Role in ARC||Web Link|
|Susan K. Fried, PhD; Prof||Medicine/ Endocrinology/ BUSM||Directoremail@example.com||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/
|Paul Pilch, PhD; Prof||Biochemistry/ BUSM||Co-Directorfirstname.lastname@example.org||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/
|Vishwajeet Puri, PhD; Assist Prof||Medicine/ Endocrinology/ BUSM||Investigatoremail@example.com||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/
|Konstantin Kandror, PhD; Prof||Biochemistry||Investigatorfirstname.lastname@example.org.
|Andrea Coviello, MD; Assist Prof||Endocrinology, Diabetes & Nutrition/ BUSM||Investigatoremail@example.com|
|Ulla Hansen, PhD||Biology||Investigatorfirstname.lastname@example.org||http://www.bu.edu/biology/
|Gerald Denis, PhD; Assist Prof||Medicine/ Cancer Research Center/ BUSM||Visitoremail@example.com||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/
|Stephen Farmer, PhD||Biochemistry/ BUSM||Investogatorfirstname.lastname@example.org||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/
|Caroline Apovian, MD, FACP, FACN; Assoc Prof||Medicine/ Pediatrics||Visitor||Caroline.Apovian@bmc.org||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/medicine/nutritionresearch/|
|Andrew Greenberg, MD; Assoc Prof||HNRC/ Tufts||Visitor||Andrew.Greenberg@tufts.edu|
|Deborah Clegg, PhD; Asst. Prof||Medicine/ Endocrinology/ BUSM||Visitor||Deborah.Clegg@utsouth
|Steven Smith, MD; Prof||Translational Research Institute For Metabolism and DiabetesFlorida Hospital / Burnham Institute||Visitor||Steven.R.Smith.MD@flhosp.org|
|Noyan Gokce, MD; Assoc Prof||Medicine/ BUSM||Visitor||Noyan.Gokce@bmc.org||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/medicine/gokce/|
|David Waxman, PhD; Assoc Prof||Cardiology/ BUSM||Visitoremail@example.com||http://people.bu.edu/djw/|
|James Hamilton, PhD; Prof||Cancer Research Center/ Molecular Biology||Visitorfirstname.lastname@example.org||http://www.bumc.bu.edu/pid/
|Katherine Strissel, PhD; Prof||Physiology/ Biophysics/ BUSM/ Tufts||Visitor||Katherine.email@example.com||http://biophysics.bumc.bu.edu/|
|Shalender Bhasin, MD; Prof & Chief||Endocrinology, Diabetes & Nutrition||Visitorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Simon Kasif, PhD; Prof||Medicine/ Endocrinology/ BUSM||Visitoremail@example.com||http://www.bu.edu/dbin/bme/
|Sibaji Sarkar, PhD; Instructor||Cancer Research Center/ BUSM||Visitor Investigatorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Barbara Schreiber, PhD; Assoc Prof||Biochemistry/ BUSM||Visitoremail@example.com.
|Stephanie SchneiderGraduate Student||Biology/CRC||Visitorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Yuanyuan Wu, Ph.D.Post-doctoral fellow||Endocrinology/BUSM||Visitor||Ywu1981@bu.edu|
|Uree Cho, Ph.D., Research Associate||Endocrinology/BUSM and HNRC, Tufts Univ||Visitoremail@example.com|
MAIN ARC PROJECT(S) FOR 2009-2010:
Our group has decided to pursue three objectives that we envision will serve as a new platform to produce preliminary data and evidence of collaborations for planned PPGs.
1. Establish and utilize a mouse model (fat transplantation) to determine cell autonomous sex-related differences in adipocyte and adipose tissue biology with a focus on mechanisms underlying the protection of females from adipose tissue inflammation/remodeling events.
2. Identify sex-biased and depot-specific differences in gene expression networks that are common in mouse and human (bioinformatic analysis of existing and emerging datasets).
3. Establish phenotypic characteristics (growth, differentiation) of preadipocytes (adipose stem cells) culture of male and female-derived adipocytes from human adipose depots, and their morphology. Plans for year 2-3 will analyze the metabolic effects of human adipose tissue or preadipocytes of different depot and Mvs. F origin when transplanted into immune-compromised rodents.
ARC AS A RESOURCE:
-Microarray results from visceral adipose tissues of male and female mice and humans
-Adipose Tissues, preadipocyte or other stromal-derived cultures, and their products (e.g conditioned media) from male and female mice and humans
Pictures, Images, Figures: